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Blockbuster: Anthony Watts skewers Muller, BEST, and the surface record all in one paper

It’s all up on Watts Up now.

What Anthony Watts and Evan Jones have revealed is breathtaking.


[Art thanks to: Cartoons by Josh]

This new pre-print paper by Anthony Watts accomplishes so much. Assuming that no major problems are found, the pieces of the jigsaw fit and pass the common sense test. Yes, hot air rises off concrete.

  1. There goes half the warming trend. The most accurate thermometers in the right places are not recording high trends. High estimates come from combining good records with poor ones then adjusting that up.
  2. They show Muller and BEST’s latest exaggerated claims of 1.5C are meaningless.
  3. They show that only class 1 and 2 stations (which are placed well, not next to concrete, car-parks, or air-conditioners) give reliable data and the warming trend from these stations is much lower than the warming trend from Class 3, 4 or 5 stations. It’s what we always knew — thermometers near artificial heat sources are measuring artificial warming, but it’s not the global kind.
  4. Mueller, BEST, GISS, Hadley and all the others should have removed the data from poor stations entirely. No amount of statistical chicanery can correct the artificial warming effect no matter how you adjust, blend, or homogenize the data.
  5. Worse, the adjusted data shows an even warmer trend than the warmest and worst stations. That casts a very dark shadow indeed. How honest or impartial are the scientists who adjust data from stations with thermometers near air-conditioners and create more warming? Bad stations have been adjusted up, instead of down, and then the good stations were adjusted up to match the now-really-awful-bad ones. The stench of failure and a lack of dedication to the truth in on show…

You don’t need a PhD to know that thermometers placed in car parks are not measuring global warming.

Only gullible fans of authority would believe the incredulous claim that statistics can correct for gross mismeasurements. Unless those researchers had details about when air-conditioners went on and off, when concrete was laid, relaid, changed to asphalt, when cars parked nearby, and how windspeed affected that warming on an hourly basis — they can’t correct for the errors introduced by those things. They don’t have that data, and even if they did it would be exceedingly unlikely it would be sufficient to extract the signal of regional warming from the noise of the artificial heat sources around the thermometer. It would be a whole PhD thesis just to accurately account for a single surface station, and that’s if they had the data on that minutae, and we know they don’t.

This is a paper that will be quoted and requoted. It’s five years worth of work, unpaid, done late at night, entirely redone in the last year. We all owe Anthony Watts and Evan Jones, plus Steve McIntyre  and John Christie, plus many others (like all the volunteers who did site-surveys)  more than a huge thank you. Watts has taken on giant institutes like NOAA, GISS, Hadley, East Anglia, they with billions at their disposal – and he’s won. Sure, this won’t be the last word on it, but where are the real climate scientists who say enough is enough and they want junk thermometer records deleted from “high quality” compilations and they want adjustments for artificial warming to cool the result, not exacerbate the error?

There’s a newer method to categorize stations into five classes and this makes all the difference.

Leroy’s 1999 classification system is out and Leroy 2010 is in. Menne 2010 and Muller et al 2012 both used the old system. Anthony Watts uses the new system and says it makes all the difference:

“Using the new Leroy 2010 classification system on the older siting metadata used by Fall et al. (2011), Menne et al. (2010), and Muller et al. (2012), yields dramatically different results.”

,,,

The new Leroy 2010 classification system of surface weather stations shows that only 20% of stations are adequate (Class 1 plus Class 2).

The trends as recorded by good thermometers are very different to the trends recorded by the bad ones. Class 1 & 2 show only 0.15C warming per decade (which is slightly less than what happened in the 1870′s). Class 3 – 5 (the badly sited thermometers) recorded 0.25C per decade. There goes nearly half of all the catastrophic warming. Worse though, is the miracle of modern adjistering – where two lower numbers are “averaged” up to an even higher one. Post-normal maths?

The new official adjusted result bears no resemblance to the observations. Why bother having thermometers?
..

Figure 19 – Comparisons of regions and gridded values for all CONUS compliant stations, all CONUS non-compliant stations, and final USHCNv2 adjusted CONUS data

Airports can make even a good thermometer useless

On a micrositing level some airport stations may appear to be ok. But on a mesositing level they affect the results, rather a lot and since about half of global stations are based at airports this is rather a killer point. Airports are excluded from this graph below. Compare it to the graph below that.  The blue bars are the trends in the mean temperature for the best thermometers (class 1 & 2) in different US regions. The yellow bars are the class 3 – 5 stations — the badly sited ones — and obviously they are higher.

Ominously, the red bars are the adjusted combination of the two lower bars. Its what happens when you mix good data with bad data and then multiply the errors with statistics. It’s possible to turn out truly awful “results”.

 

Figure 5 – Station Class comparisons of decadal trends by region with airport stations excluded

When airports are included the raw readings in the well sited thermometers are much higher (below). The pilots all need to know the temperature of the airport, but as far as taxpayers are concerned, the airport does not represent the environment of the surrounding 100km (or 1200km give or take the smoothing techniques you care to use).

 

Figure 6  – Station Class comparisons of decadal trends by region, airports only

Below the different types of sensors are compared. MMTS are the electronic modern thermometers, and they generally record lower trends, especially for mean and max trends. But like any good piece of equipment, they too can be adjusted to mimic older less reliable tools, and show higher temperature trends than were actually recorded.

Notice how in every second column the blue diamond (MMTS) is adjusted up to match the other older or less accurate equipment.

CRS: Cotton Region Shelter  |  MMTS: Maximum-Minimum Temperature System  | ASOS: Aviation monitoring systems

Figure 13 – ungridded comparison of station equipment types

Below, the rural MMTS stations, (without the small rural airports that are sometimes equipped with MMTS equipment) have the lowest decadal trends of all classes and subsets of stations. (Blue bars)

The new MMTS electronic sensors were found to be much lower than the others. Some of these regions recorded a cooling trend when only rural stations with an MMTS thermometer were used. As usual, the red flag “adjusted” trends are the result of statistical dynamite.

Figure 8 – Station Class comparisons of decadal trends by region, rural MMTS stations, excluding airports

Do visit Watts Up to read the whole paper and watch the fallout unfold. Donate to help him continue this essential and excellent work. What is posted here is just a part of the picture, there are 21 figures at least: see it all on Watts Up now.

Watts up also has the powerpoint files. The full PDF original and hundreds of comments. :-)

————————————-

 Thanks to Josh for the cartoon. Thanks to Anthony for so much, including the advance notice.

REFERENCES

Fall, S., N. Diffenbaugh, D. Niyogi, R.A. Pielke Sr., and G. Rochon, 2010: Temperature and equivalent temperature over the United States (1979 – 2005). Int. J. Climatol., DOI: 10.1002/joc.2094.

Fall, S., Watts, A., Nielsen‐Gammon, J. Jones, E. Niyogi, D. Christy, J. and Pielke, R.A. Sr., 2011, Analysis of the impacts of station exposure on the U.S. Historical Climatology Network temperatures and temperature trends, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D14120, doi:10.1029/2010JD015146, 2011

Leroy, M., 1999: Classification d’un site. Note Technique no. 35. Direction des Systèmes d’Observation, Météo-France, 12 pp.

Leroy, M., 2010: Siting Classification for Surface Observing Stations on Land, Climate, and Upper-air Observations JMA/WMO Workshop on Quality Management in Surface, Tokyo, Japan 27-30 July 2010

Menne, M. J., C. N. Williams Jr., and M. A. Palecki, 2010: On the reliability of the U.S. surface temperature record, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D11108, doi:10.1029/2009JD013094

Muller, R.A., Curry, J., Groom, D. Jacobsen, R.,Perlmutter, S. Rohde, R. Rosenfeld, A., Wickham, C., Wurtele, J., 2012: Earth Atmospheric Land Surface Temperature and Station Quality in the United States. JGR Special Publication The Third Santa Fe Conference on Global and Regional Climate Change manuscript number 12JD018146 PDF

 

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Blockbuster: Anthony Watts skewers Muller, BEST, and the surface record all in one paper, 9.1 out of 10 based on 118 ratings

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254 comments to Blockbuster: Anthony Watts skewers Muller, BEST, and the surface record all in one paper

  • #
    mondo

    And Bravo to you too, Jo. By my estimation, Anthony’s release has been up for half a day, and already you have an excellent summary post on it. Well done.


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  • #
    ClimateSkeptik

    So I guess those pesky models will need re-adjusting now…


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    • #
      Rereke Whakaaro

      I assume that by “re-adjusting” you mean “throwing out and starting again, based on empirically demonstrated science”?


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    • #
      turnedoutnice

      Readjusting? The positive feedback is an artifact of the increase in IR absorbed by the lower atmosphere by a factor of 5, offset by exaggerated cloud albedo. So, sunlit oceans evaporate like mad whilst the cloudy areas give correct average temperature.

      This is one of the oldest tricks in the modelling fraudsters book.

      Start again with new, honest leadership.


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    • #
      Jesus saves

      This is too funny, for years “skeptics” have been saying that the data is all adjusted blah blah blah. Now Watts is saying that the data needs adjusting! Hah! The guys a comedian!


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  • #
    crakar24

    The good news in all of this is that the warmbotrolls will be quiet until GISS and the machine produce a dodgy reply. That may take….oh about another 3 hours so enjoy the peace and quiet while you can.


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    • #
      gai

      Of course the the warmbotrolls are quiet. They have to receive their marching orders from the hired mercenaries like US PIRG.

      It is no surprise that US PIRG (U.S. Public Interest Research Group) is funded by George Soros & company link Activistcash shows US PIRG is also funded by the Rockefellers you can fish through the other foundations to see who funds (and therefore controls) WWF, Sierra Club, Greenpeace and the rest of the Astroturf organizations.

      It amazes me that people follow these Astroturf organizations like sheep based on their feel good propaganda without ever checking who is really pulling the funding/control strings. It is not like you have to hunt through a library or send letters demanding information. It is all there readily accessable on the internet. For example here is Greenpeace and Sierra Club and the money laundering “Charity” The Tides Foundation.

      I mention this because the naive young political activists will ignore you and follow these Judas goats until you SHOW they are Judias goats. Everyone hates being a conman’s mark and this is the fastest way to show activists are marks.

      After that they might just listen to something like Anthony’s paper.

      To change the mind of a mule, the farmer answered, “you’ve got to get its attention first. The two-by -four gets the mule’s attention” Pointing out the con is the two by four.


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  • #
    Christoph Dollis

    Joanne,

    While I like what you’ve done in your numbered 5 points, especially point 5 (I’ve been making most of these same points all day to anyone who would listen), where you’ve altered Watts’ pie chart you’ve made an error: good is only 6%; (half of the worst!), not 12%.
    Fixed as fast as I could! -Thanks – Jo


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    • #
      Bob from Arana Hills

      The caption to the pie chart says, “The new Leroy 2010 classification system of surface weather stations shows that only 26% of stations are adequate.”

      Should that be 20% (6+14; class 1 + class 2)?


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  • #
    spangled drongo

    Thanks Jo,

    And congrats to Anthony Watts for all his long and hard work on this vital aspect of AGW.

    For years we sceptics have been watching our car thermometers and noticing the change when driving from under-developed areas to the city. It takes a while for the bleedin’ obvious [particularly when it's contrary to ideology] to hit home.


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  • #
    John Of Cloverdale WA Australia.

    Thanks Jo for a good summary and congratulations to Anthony in putting the US temperature record straight. A model to apply to our Australasian temperature records. But the conclusions will be totally ignored by the MSM and attacked by the gravy train/vested interest “scientists”.


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  • #
    J.H.

    Excellent summery Jo…. Nice and clear. You are a credit to science journalism.


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  • #
    Bruce D Scott

    In the words of the late great Jackie Gleeson – “How sweet it is”.


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  • #

    Can anyone help me and find out the percentage of global GHCN sites located at airports?


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  • #
    Graham

    Jo, The notation at the bottom of the pie chart reads “only 26% of stations are adequate.”

    Should this read 20% ie 6 + 14?

    ——————————

    Thank you, I was searching for that number. I knew I’d written it somewhere…. Fixed! – Jo


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  • #
    John Of Cloverdale WA Australia.

    Excellent piece by Delingpole on Watts’s paper and a short-lived melting Greenland.


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  • #
    Mindert Eiting

    Thanks, Jo. You have just explained that more is not better and certainly not best. All that big-hamburger-stuff of Muller with his 30.000 stations is what you get in dubious restaurants.


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  • #
    Ally E.

    This is brilliant and needs to spread far and wide.

    Those who have been duped by the whole CAGW scam now have REAL evidence and REAL science to look at. Those who knowingly lied and warped the evidence, well, they’re between a rock and a hard place. They have to accept this paper (which is very thorough and very sound), or they blow their cover. Any “scientist” or “scientific body” yelling too loudly or objecting too strongly will be showing their true face. REAL scientists will take it aboard and be grateful to it.

    This is delicious. Watching the dastards squirm will be icing on the cake.

    :)


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  • #
    Athelstan.

    Splice and dice [GCHN] and fixing Mike’s nature trick wot done it – kinda like Banks fixing the LIBOR rate – you suspect it was/has been going on, when you find out it was really going on…….you ain’t that surprised.

    Global warming, from mankind’s puny CO2 input, was always a stretch of the imagination to far.
    The conclusion to the postulation came before the empirical evidence – what else did they have apart from IPCC models and GISS, HadCRU temps – pathetic really. But! boy oh boy when those investment bankers at Goldman Sachs, Deutsche Bank et al [saw the potential margins, eyes glazed over and taxpayer backing - orgasmo-wow!]. Immediately the shout went up;
    “get the spin meisters on the case!” – well the masters of the universe can do magic – can’t they?

    And the politicians? and the MSM [ABC/BBC]……….. huh, they still think Al Gore is the daddy!


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    • #
      Rereke Whakaaro

      Well in a way, Gore is the daddy.

      He was the one who turned Global Warming into a blockbuster movie (even if you had to pay people to watch it).

      And he was the person who invented the internet (which is now going to be his undoing)

      Go big Daddy! ,,, Just go … please.


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      • #
        gai

        Actually the Daddy was Maurice Strong, a good buddy of Al Gore. He was chair of the First Earth summit in 1972 and Kyoto’s architect. Funny how he now has to hideout in China or face criminal charges in Canada over the Food for Oil Scam. Funny how he has been involved in the oil and banking business from the get go.

        In brief, Maurice Strong worked in Saudi Arabia for a Rockefeller company, Caltex, in 1953. He left Caltex in 1954 to worked at high levels in banking and oil. By 1971, he served as a trustee for the Rockefeller Foundation, and in 1972 was Secretary-General of the U.N. Conference on the Human Environment known as the First Earth Summit. He was Co-founder of the WWF and Senior Advisor to the World Bank and the UN.

        Strong is the brains behind much of this. He is credited with coming up with the idea of NGOs after working for YMCA international early in his carreer.


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        • #
          Athelstan.

          That is a very pertinent post gai.

          I do tend forget that old Mau’[Mao?] has been the ‘daddy’ of lots of this type of nonsense – perhaps ‘nonsense’ is not quite strong enough – anyway the scam eviro’ advocate industry. Maurice Strong, almost single handedly kicked it all off, green activist and zealot, maker and formulator of immense mischief.


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        • #
          Rereke Whakaaro

          Thanks for that Gai.

          I have followed Strong for some time, but didn’t know about his connection with Caltex. That explains how he “suddenly appeared” at the Rockefeller Foundation. He would have kept up with all of his oil buddies while he was playing at being a banker and trader.

          Interesting stuff.


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  • #
    R. Gates

    The problem is of course that such a small fraction of the excess energy being retained in Earth’s energy system is going into the troposphere that even if the surface temps were overstated by a factor of 2, the energy represented is so tiny compared to the energy being retained by the oceans, that the whole issue is rather academic at best. But in the end, I suspect Muller et. al., will prevail over Watts et. al., and in rather short order the amount of bias in surface station data will prove to be no where close to a factor of 2, and will be more on the order of 10 to 15% at most. Whether reduced by a factor of 2 or only 15%, the amount of energy change in the troposphere is dwarfed by the massive energy being retained by Earth’s oceans.


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    • #
      Ally E.

      I suggest you read the paper we’re talking about. It’s very thorough.


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    • #
      llew Jones

      It’s interesting to note that John Christy is part of the “et al”. He is one of the genuine experts who has been working for years on Earth temperature analysis.


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    • #

      So where is it, then? The heat retained in the oceans appears to be “missing in action”. Maybe you idiot warmists will postulate “dark heat”. “We know it is there from our models but it can’t be seen or measured”.


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      • #
        Rereke Whakaaro

        Not even in jest …. sheesh


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      • #
        R. Gates

        As we head to an ice-free summer Arctic, keep telling yourself that we can’t find any of the energy being retained by the oceans. A great deal of that ice is melting from the bottom ad most of the mass is in the water. The temperature of the water entering the Arctic is the warmest in approximately 2000 years- and yes, this means it is warmer than it was during the MWP.


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        • #
          BobC

          R. Gates
          July 31, 2012 at 12:00 am · Reply

          As we head to an ice-free summer Arctic…

          Why, the Northwest Passage might even open up in the near future — just like it did in 1853, right after the Little Ice Age ended.

          The temperature of the water entering the Arctic is the warmest in approximately 2000 years- and yes, this means it is warmer than it was during the MWP.

          One wonders how this is measured? Perhaps you can enlighten us (or at least include a link — just making un-sourced claims isn’t very convincing).
          Proxies for air temperature in the region (like this GISP3 Greenland ice core from NOAA) clearly show that not only was it warmer curing the Medieval Warm Period, but was warmer for most of the Holocene over the last 11,000 years.


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        • #
          Rereke Whakaaro

          You obviously have not heard, or been told about, the North Atlantic Gulf Stream, and its natural cyclic variations, that have been known to mariners for centuries. A little reading in that area might help you to better understand some of he factors that may be in play regarding Greenland.

          Also, you need to have a look at what happened in the East Siberian Sea last winter. While you were having sleepless nights, worrying about all of the missing heat, that might be in the oceans (on the basis that it must be hiding somewhere, right?) some Russian sailors were worrying about being trapped in pack ice that was several metres thick. But of course, that didn’t happen, did it, because they didn’t have pictures of the ships on television or in the newspapers, and the sailors were not Tweeting about it, or telling their friends about in on Facebook.


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      • #
        Gordon Walker

        Maybe the missing energy is stocked in Heat Banks in the Cayman Isands?


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    • #

      Whether reduced by a factor of 2 or only 15%, the amount of energy change in the troposphere is dwarfed by the massive energy being retained by Earth’s oceans.

      And I’ll bet London to a brick that you can’t quantify that Gates.

      Furthermore, having made the statement that the “massive” energy retained by the oceans “dwarfs” the amount of energy change in the troposhere, how is it then Einstein that you alarmist fraudulent lemming warmists claim the troposphere can warm the oceans?

      Further furthermore, (heh heh) you alarmist fraudulent lemming warmists claim that that “massive” retained energy will come back from it’s travesty travels and cook us to death in the future. But you reckon the troposphere warms the oceans. How and when will the oceans then turn this around and warm the troposphere? Is it like tag team wrestling where they take turns punishing us?

      Gates, have you ever recorded yourself and listened to yourself?
      Try it, you may wake up to yourself one day. Bozo.


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      • #
        R. Gates

        Approximately 10 x 10^22 Joules have been retained by the upper 2000 meters of the ocean over the past decade, far in excess of anything the lower troposphere could even hope to retain.


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        • #
          Mark D.

          Mr Gates, I’m sure you can provide evidence of this? Evidence that has not been tainted by “adjustments” or output of models?

          Waiting……..


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          • #
            R. Gates

            Ocean heat content data found here:

            http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/3M_HEAT_CONTENT/

            Look down to 2000 meters. Oceans retain heat as the thermal gradient at the ocean-atmosphere boundary becomes less steep from increased DWLWR caused by increased greenhouse gases.


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          • #
            Mark D.

            Look at the paper directly and you’ll find that Levitus adjusted Argos data. Since the theme of this thread is a blockbuster story about surface temperature adjustment errors, I can’t imaging how they’d do better with an even smaller number of readings and using what appears to be similar “adjustment” procedures.

            I do expect that warmists would shift to new “findings” after all the volunteers demonstrate that the previous temperature data is messed up. I also note that they choose to hide this heat where it is even more difficult to prove but yet they boast about how they have done so.

            Keep looking for all that hidden heat.


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          • #
            Roy Hogue

            Not to mention that NOAA hasn’t been shown to be very reliable with regard to temperature measurements, etc.


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          • #
            Ally E.

            I think the R. Gates feels that ANY warming ANYWHERE is bad for us. Perhaps no atmosphere at all would be a “solution”. Absolute zero, anyone? Would that make you happy?


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          • #
            Konrad

            R.Gates
            DWLWIR slowing the cooling of the oceans was it? Sorry, I have personally conducted a number of empirical experiments into this and 15 um IR incident on the surface of liquid water that is free to evaporatively cool has an negligible effect on its rate of cooling, where as the effects of LWIR on the cooling rate of other materials is measurable. Missing heat hiding below the 700m range of the ARGO buoys is a Trenberthian fantasy.

            Just a note – most other warmists have “moved on” from the whole DWLWIR thing due to the impossibility of it having any measurable impact over 71% of the Earth’s surface. The new “higher truth” is that outgoing IR intercepted by CO2 is not immediately re-radiated from the molecule but rather transfers the energy by conduction to the surrounding air. This raises the air temperature, and thereby the altitude at which CO2 can radiate directly to space and due to the light from Venus being reflected from a weather balloon blah, blah blah.

            When they work out that CO2 can also radiate energy to space that it has acquired conductively from the surface and the atmosphere and not just energy acquired from outgoing LWIR from the surface, you can be sure there will be yet another “Higher truth”


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      • #
        gai

        Here are the graphs SHOWING where that ocean heat actually comes from. (note that IR wavelengths can not penetrate beyond the first mm so reflected heat from CO2 is a complete nonstarter.)

        Incoming Solar: Graph
        Solar Energy Wavelength vs ocean depth Graph
        The apsorbtion coefficient – wavelength vs penetration depth Graph
        The last two graphs are from this article at Klimaat Fraude

        And just in case you were not aware of how much more energy there is in the shorter wavelengths, visible and ultraviolet, here is a table from from a Wiki on the electromagnetic spectrum It starts at the top with Y=Gamma and goes to ELF= Extremely low freq.

        In plain English there ain’t much energy in those infrared wavelengths that CO2 is reflecting back to earth and there is not much of any one wavelength -see this Graph – because a black/gray body like earth radiates over a very broad band compared to the sun. Notice how the scales are changed WITHOUT NOTATION in the classic graph as shown by Wiki to give the appearance that the sun and earth energies are the same. Of course they are equal but not in the same manner as represented in the second graph. If you look at the very bottom or top of the graph you can see the spacing for 0.2 to 1 microns (under the solar spectrum) is the same as the spacing for 10 to 70 microns (under the earth’s spectrum) and there is no legend for the vertical axis.

        Anazing how much misdirection there is in this scam.

        [post caught as potential spam because of the number of links. Please limit the links in any one post to less than 10]ED


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      • #
        cohenite

        The ocean is a greater repository of heat than the atmosphere:

        http://wattsupwiththat.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/atmosphere-vs-ocean-heat-capacity.jpg

        Having said that there is something terribly wrong with heat measurement in the ocean; the surface has been cooling for some time, OHC to 700 meters has been fairly flat since 2003, when the ARGO system was introduced, yet we are expected to believe that the abyss, below 700 meters, is gaining heat at a rapid rate.

        How can that be if the mechanism for warming the ocean is backradiation by IR, which cannot penetrate the ocean surface, but apparently is penetrating but not warming the surface or the upper ocean yet is going straight to the ocean depths?


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        • #
          crakar24

          Hmmmmmmmmmm what could not cause the top layers of the oceans to warm but somehow caused the oceans depths to warm……………………….maybe its all those undersea volcanos that we are just discovering?


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          • #
            cohenite

            Or the sun crakar. That big thing in the sky which BEST reckons has had NO effect on temperature since 1750. Is that the dumbest thing you have ever heard or not?


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          • #
            crakar24

            Cohenite

            It works like this:

            1, CO2 has gone up
            2, Temp has gone up
            3, how do we correlate the two?
            4, Claim nothing on Earth ever changes unless it is forced that way we can blame all change on CO2
            4a, All changes in climate are unusual to the extreme
            4b, The sun is a static object in the sky so apart from the obvious initial input of energy it has no effect beyond this initial input
            4c, I have a unicorn in my back yard as a pet.

            Reminds me of that old joke, two cows are in a paddock (field) chatting away about the dangers of mad cow disease, one cow says the other “I am not worried about mad cows disease” the other responds “why not” (thinking his friend knows about a remedy of sorts) the first cow responds “because i am a squirrel”.

            Thus the beleivers are not aware that they have already gone mad why else would you think changes in the sun have SFA to do with climate.


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    • #
      Ross

      R Gates –if Micheal Mann and William Connelly are rubbishing Muller already I cannot see “the Team” working very hard to try to make BEST look better than AW’s effort.
      Also is it now all about energy and not temperatures? Is the new term going to be Global Energy Changes and not climate change ??

      (David Appell too) CTS


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      • #
        R. Gates

        Ross,

        AGW has always been about altering Earth’s energy balance. Troposheric surface temps are just one metric for measuring a fraction of the imbalance– the easiest one to measure but hardly the largest or most important.


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    • #
      Rohan Baker

      Wow R Gates, you’ve just proven CO2 is not THE driving force in climate change.

      The problem is of course that such a small fraction of the excess energy being retained in Earth’s energy system is going into the troposphere…

      Correct and:

      Whether reduced by a factor of 2 or only 15%, the amount of energy change in the troposphere is dwarfed by the massive energy being retained by Earth’s oceans.

      Also correct. The specific heats Cp (@ 20 deg C or more scientifically, 293 deg K) are:

      Cp (troposphere) = 1.006 J/g.K
      Cp (sea water)= 3.995 J/g.K (assuming salinity average of sea water @ 35 g/kg)

      Now you have to take specific gravity into account to determine volumetric specific heat Cv and thus:

      Cv (air) = 0.001297 J/cm3.K
      Cv (sea water) = 4.035 J/cm3.K

      The specific volumetric heat is 3111 times greater for water than that of air despite them both being at equilibrium at room temperature (293 deg K). So far so good.

      The definition of a greenhouse gas is that it absorbs and radiates IR energy. Once it absorbs IR, this energy build up will manifest itself as temperature (1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics). If that temperature (energy) of the CO2 exceedes that of its surrounding air, i.e the temperature (energy) differential, it then wants to impart that difference to its surroundings to attain equilibrium (Zeroth, 1st and 2nd laws). It will do so either via radiation, conduction or convection pathways. Of the 3 forms of heat transfer, by far the most efficient for a gas phase is convection, thus the majority of that temperature (energy) differential will be transferred in this manner. Radiant and conductive pathways will amount to relatively small heat (energy) transfer.

      As CO2 is about 390ppm of 0.039% of the makeup of the atmosphere, even a doubling of CO2 concentration is going to have very little real impact on climate change. QED.


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      Debbie

      It’s in the ocean?
      Where in the ocean?


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        Rereke Whakaaro

        Probably in the thermal vents – stands to reason, something must be creating all that magma, and causing volcanos to erupt. /sarc


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      It’s odd, when people paint such a dire climate picture, that I have never once met, or corresponded with, a single person who cares anything at all about actual CO2 emissions in real time. Complete indifference. The subject is never even raised.

      Think about it. Think of all the CO2 emitted in real time, of where and how, and ask if you have ever met one person who cares. Maybe you have, I haven’t.

      Repeating: I have never encountered, in the flesh or otherwise, a single person who cares about actual CO2 emissions in real time.

      How weird is that?


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      llew Jones

      Isn’t it generally accepted that IR from GHGs at most can only warm the oceans at the surface? If that is so then that heat surely will be quickly dissipated and not retained?

      Is it also generally accepted that only UVR could deeply warm the oceans? What produces enough of this radiation to have any chance of producing this warming effect?


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      • #
        llew Jones

        Correction… not UR but IR….


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        R. Gates

        The effect of greenhouse gases is to alter the thermal gradient between the ocean and atmosphere, reducing the heat flux from ocean to atmosphere. The increased DLW only has to warm the very top of the ocean skin layer to alter the thermal gradient, which is exactly what it does.


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          Rob JM

          Problem is CAGW is all about the ENHANCED greenhouse effect due increasing water vapour retention in the upper troposphere that does not exist!
          Water vapour is decreasing in the upper troposphere (probably due to convective drying) therefore no CAGW!


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          Sonny

          Bald faced lies


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          Konrad

          Sorry R.Gates, 15 um IR does not effect the rate at which liquid water that is free to evaporativly cool can cool. Stop parroting and start thinking. Better still, design and conduct your own empirical experiments.


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  • #
    Athelstan.

    GHCN soz, same horse.

    Repeat after me: Global Historical climatology Network – splice and dice and make it nice.


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    max

    amazing if he hadn’t of used them all they would all be screaming he is skewing his results as he never used all stations … then when he does they scream he is using old stations ….

    you guys don’t even know what you want … any data that proved your point is acceptable but no matter how distorted the facts are ….

    the truth is the propaganda campaign on pricing carbon is over now which is about time


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    Athelstan.

    dwarfed by the massive energy being retained by Earth’s oceans.

    Yep, you got that right sonny, the oceans are the great equalizer and temperature Air/con of the world’s climate – everything is in balance and set to equilibrium = is Gaia’s buzz word.


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  • #
    John Of Cloverdale WA Australia.

    Sorry this is the link to Delinpole’s story on the Anthony Watts Paper.


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    G David

    I can’t wait to see how the Warmists are going to spin this!


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    Alfonso

    Indeed Athel, the mega Money Centre Institutions like Goldman Sachs have volunteered to be market makers for CO2 derivatives in Australia.
    The projections are that, come world wide adoption of CO2 taxation, the many species of packaged CO2 derivs will make this market 3rd in value after forex and interest rates.

    And you wonder if the Institutions are CAGWarming believers?

    Bwaaa…….try TRUE believers.


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      The trading in derivatives has no connection whatsoever with the science, apart from the science providing a label, and a veneer of substance. In fact it has no connection with reality.

      You can set up a trade in moonbeams, and as long as there are enough willing buyers, somebody will appear as a willing seller, and as long as the pool of willing buyers is big enough, the trading will continue long after the original sellers have left the market, and are counting their profit.

      And that is what is at the heart of Climate (whatever – insert word du jour).

      The really criminal thing is that corrupt politicians are backing this as a good idea, and abusing their power to give it another coat of veneer, on the basis that the more glossy the shine, the more marks will be attracted.


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  • #
    Tristan

    This new pre-print paper by Anthony Watts accomplishes so much. Assuming that no major problems are found, the pieces of the jigsaw fit and pass the common sense test.

    It seems clear that you’ve already assumed. That’s not particularly skeptical of you, Joanne.


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      cohenite

      It seems clear that you’ve already assumed

      No, you are assuming that Jo has assumed; your assumption is wrong.


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        Tristan

        Blockbuster: Anthony Watts skewers Muller, BEST, and the surface record all in one paper

        You’re quite right cohenite, it really looks like she’s reserved judgement on this one ;)


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          Tristan, the common sense results in Watts paper suggest that problems found are likely to be minor unless you can show (with observations, not statistics) that concrete does not heat thermometers – that nearby airconditioner exhaust makes little difference, that square kilometers of airport tarmac doesnt heat the overnight minima of thermometers within 100m.

          Watts paper is just showing the bleeding obvious.


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            Tristan

            The common sense results?

            I thought everyone knew that UHIE was in the raw data, and that was why we corrected for it?

            Doesn’t Watts’ paper itself show that after homogenisation, there’s no statistical difference between urban, rural and semi-rural mean temps?

            What exactly is the blockbuster revelation?


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            cohenite

            I thought everyone knew that UHIE was in the raw data, and that was why we corrected for it?

            BEST doesn’t do UHI.


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            Rereke Whakaaro

            Tristan,

            As I pointed out on the previous thread, this paper:

            … has demonstrated that the people charged with being the keepers of the sacred writ, have been rewriting the writ, for their own purposes.

            The full comment is at 30.1.1.1

            As others have pointed out, that is fraud – a matter for criminal federal investigation if complaints are laid.


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            Christoph Dollis

            Doesn’t Watts’ paper itself show that after homogenisation, there’s no statistical difference between urban, rural and semi-rural mean temps?

            Yes, Mr. Dense.

            The point is, after their statistical manipulations, they managed to homogenize the data so that it shows fully twice the warming that the best-sited stations show.


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            BobC

            Tristan
            July 30, 2012 at 6:21 pm
            The common sense results?

            I thought everyone knew that UHIE was in the raw data, and that was why we corrected for it?

            “We”? I didn’t know you were involved in the massive extrapolation of UHIE to all the pristine stations.

            Doesn’t Watts’ paper itself show that after homogenisation, there’s no statistical difference between urban, rural and semi-rural mean temps?

            Well, what is the purpose of homogenisation anyway, except to make all the data fit the model?

            What exactly is the blockbuster revelation?

            Maybe that adding the UHIE to every station isn’t the right way to go, if you are really interested in facts rather than propaganda?

            I have a friend, Rich Keen who, besides being a PhD climatologist at the Univ of Colo has maintained a pristine weather station near his home in the mountains. His data is always “adjusted” upwards to match the stations in the metro Denver area (pop. 4,000,000). This is how UHIE is “corrected”.


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            crakar24

            Well done Tristan you are filling the void left by Adam


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            cohenite

            Hi BobC; I’m trying to get my head around this:

            His data is always “adjusted” upwards to match the stations in the metro Denver area (pop. 4,000,000). This is how UHIE is “corrected”.

            Shouldn’t it be the other way round, as McIntyre explains:

            Extra UHI warming (W) is proportional to the log of the population, so W = log P.

            The population is growing at a compounding rate, thus it is P = k^t.

            To get the derivative (warming rate) we must apply the chain rule of differentiation. With any luck you will get this answer:

            dW/dt = (dW/dP) * (dP/dt)
            = (d/dP . log P) * (d/dt . k^t)
            = (1/P) * (k^t * log k)
            = (1/k^t) * (k^t * log k)
            = log k

            Thus the warming rate is the same wherever the population growth rate is the same, regardless of their difference in population. On top of that, due to the logarithm, even if their population growth rates are significantly different (eg 1.07 versus 1.03) you still end up with very similar constant ratio between town and city in the trends.

            Intuitively this should be the case, because the warming rate of a city is a linear extension of the warming rate it had when it was just a small town.

            Therefore any small town and city near each other contemporaneously will have basically the same warming rate if they have nearly equal growth rates, DESPITE having hugely different populations and having measurably different night time temperatures due to a very real and significant UHI. A comparison between places that never grew and places that grew quickly should show a difference in temperature trend regardless of current population.

            And the fact is that UHI is easily measured in any city. It leads to a DTR reduction which is locally indistinguishable from an enhanced greenhouse effect.

            Since UHI is measurable, it is pointless to try to find a way to prove it doesn’t exist. Because it exists it must have influenced temperature records in high growth areas. The only mystery is why you would believe a statistic instead of photos.

            As far as I can see, the official temperature has been confounded by UHI for a long time as this 2000 post by Hughes shows.


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            BobC

            cohenite
            July 31, 2012 at 3:47 pm
            Hi BobC; I’m trying to get my head around this:

            “His data is always “adjusted” upwards to match the stations in the metro Denver area (pop. 4,000,000). This is how UHIE is “corrected”.

            Shouldn’t it be the other way round, as McIntyre explains:

            Well, of course it should — but that wouldn’t give the “politically correct” answer.

            As you note, McIntyre’s straightforward derivation shows:


            Thus the warming rate is the same wherever the population growth rate is the same, regardless of their difference in population.

            Hence, NASA’s method of using night-time satellite imagery to determine the local population density around a station misses the actual independent variable — population growth rate. Whatever algorithm they apply to “correct” UHIE is doomed to failure because they use the wrong input.

            At any rate, most of the groups who massage the data suscribe to the theory that UHI has been shown to “have a negligible effect on the Global Temperature record”, as outfits like RealClimate continually assure us.

            Actual analysis of the temperature record, however, shows that to be a false assumption.

            Earlier, you said:

            BEST doesn’t do UHI.

            You couldn’t be more correct. BEST eliminates UHIE from consideration by the very construction of their “New Mathematical Framework” for analyzing temperature data (Described here in their methodology document “Berkeley Earth Temperature Averaging Process”).
            When you look at equations 1 and 2 (on page 7) of the linked document, you see that the only non stationary effect acknowledged on a temperature series is defined as Global Temperature Change. That is, any effect that doesn’t average to zero over a few years is defined as a change in Global Temperature.

            Since, in the real world, UHIE is non-stationary (populations continue to grow), the “New Mathematical Framework” guarentees that UHIE will be considered to be “Global Warming”. The whole BEST project is mathematically bogus — perhaps why it hasn’t passed peer-review yet: Maybe they are having trouble finding reviewers reckless enough to put their stamp of approval on something this stupid.


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      AndyG55

      Don’t worry so much T,

      There are guys involved with THIS paper that are VERY USED to finding errors in other papers. LOTS of errors. ;-)

      I suspect they are very likely to be much more thorough than those other papers.


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      Tristan

      Because I know you guys are all very skeptical, and wouldn’t want to judge information just on the basis that it agrees with you, here’s another review. Like Jo, he’s a blogger (yay!). Unlike Jo, he can actually evaluate homogenisation algorithms! (boo!)


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      • #
        Popeye

        Tristan,

        Thanks for your link – though you might like to read it next time BEFORE you post!!

        ” I hope my judgement of the manuscript is fair, I had only little time.”

        OR

        “Update: Maybe I was too fast to conclude that the paper shows that trends are due to the UHI. This is the part of the homogenization literature that I am not so familiar with yet; it is frighteningly huge.”

        Smarten up Tristan – don’t want to become another Adam Smith do you?? (Oops, sorry I mentioned Adam – haven’t seen him today – oh, that’s right – he’s been a naughty boy and got himself moderated hasn’t he??)

        Cheers,

        ——-
        REPLY: Adam Smith is free to post here, but our request for evidence appears to have stumped him. – Jo

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          Tristan

          I read that and the rest and all the comments.

          I fail to understand how acknowledging the limits of your commentary is better than not doing so.


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            KinkyKeith

            “I fail to understand how acknowledging the limits of your commentary is better than not doing so.”

            Well, good for you!


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            Ally E.

            Tristan, if you’re into reading, go read Watts’ paper. Arguing for the sake or arguing doesn’t help you any. If you really care about the environment and global warming issues, you’ll want to know and understand what Watts is on about and how he can be so sure. So, go look!


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            Popeye

            KK & Ally E

            No, Tristan is not into FACTS or other valid points of view.

            My guess is that he’s standing in a corner somewhere, fingers in his ears, eyes closed, stamping his feet & screaming like a child who can’t get his own way.

            Tristan – don’t be scared!!

            “The truth will set you free, but first it will make you miserable.” – Jim Davis

            Cheers,


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        Bite Back

        Here’s another one with no complaint and a lot to say. Tristan, go join Ross James in oblivion somewhere until you have an actual criticism of Anthony’s analysis.

        Damned trolls!


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    AndyG55

    I suspect that even this wonderful work from AW etal., still probably underestimates the UHI effect somewhat.

    Let me put a scenario. A site, in 1970, is 2km from the ocean. It is a well maintained site, and has remained well maintained, with no concrete or other changes within 100m, probably still a class 1 site (if my understanding is correct). However, between then and now, a dense urban area, with factories, lots of vegetation loss, etc, has sprung up between the site and the coast.

    How will this affect the measurement of temperature at the site, particularly in the evening, when the breeze is almost always onshore.?
    Is this sort of possible change to temperature readings accounted for in AW etal.’s calculations?
    Is it possible to account or it.?

    This sort of situation could apply anywhere that the temperature site is downwind (prevailing fora time of day) from an expanding urban area. The effect might be small, but if enough stations are llike this, it could be significant.. we just don’t know.


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    • #

      I live on forest fringe. When I walk along the edge of the timber right where it abuts the paddocks, on a still night, especially in winter, the cold pools are very marked. Change the vegetation etc in that spot, and you can surely come up with a different minimum.

      Alarmists must know all this. They just make stuff up. One day we had a freak cold in mid-October. I checked the temp at the Elders site. By chance, I went back to check it again that afternoon. A half degree had been added. That was just one day when I happened to check.

      I think we attribute more sophistication to this racket than it actually has. Quite often, they just make stuff up. Simple.


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        gai

        I am in the USA and look at the temp data for my area regularly. I see 1 to 3F added on a regular basis to the daily maximum between the original reading and when they are updated the next day.


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    turnedoutnice

    This is an astonishing indictment of Muller’s attention-seeking: http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/07/29/why-the-best-papers-failed-to-pass-peer-review/#more-68366

    ‘In October 2011, despite the papers not being accepted, Richard Muller launched a major international publicity blitz announcing the results of the “BEST” project. I wrote to him and his coauthor Judy Curry objecting to the promotional initiative since the critical comments of people like me were locked up under confidentiality rules, and the papers had not been accepted for publication. Richard stated that he felt there was no alternative since the studies would be picked up by the press anyway. Later, when the journal turned the paper down and asked for major revisions, I sought permission from Richard to release my review. He requested that I post it without indicating I was a reviewer for JGR. Since that was not feasible I simply kept it confidential……’

    http://www.rossmckitrick.com/

    ‘On March 8 2012 I was asked by JGR to review a revised version of the Wickham et al. paper. I submitted my review at the end of March. The authors had made very few changes and had not addressed any of the methodological problems, so I recommended the paper not be published. I do not know what the journal’s decision was, but it is 4 months later and I can find no evidence on the BEST website that this or any other BEST project paper has been accepted for publication.

    On July 29 2012 Richard Muller launched another publicity blitz (e.g. here and here) claiming, among other things, that “In our papers we demonstrate that none of these potentially troublesome effects [including those related to urbanization and land surface changes] unduly biased our conclusions.” Their failure to provide a proper demonstration of this point had led me to recommend against publishing their paper. This places me in an awkward position since I made an undertaking to JGR to respect the confidentiality of the peer review process, but I have reason to believe Muller et al.’s analysis does not support the conclusions he is now asserting in the press.

    [My emboldening].

    This is the way science works. Muller has committed the egregious sin of going to the NYT claiming he is right when expert reviewers have told him of his errors.


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    jup

    Interesting to see if Watts et al. 2012 gets picked up for next IPCC report. Somehow, why do I get the feeling IPCC will end up including Muller’s study and simply ignore Watts et al. 2012?

    Watts has proven again that he is the much better chess player, not only in terms of strategy, but also in terms of integrity and innovation. Muller, second BEST again. LOL


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    Stephen Wilde

    To all those who pick at details and suggest that the Watts paper might not be taken seriously I would just say that the basic approach and the results are what matter.

    It is now in the public domain that there is a much better site assessment procedure which has not previously been methodically applied.

    Also, that when it is applied, the difference in trend between sites of differing qualities becomes apparent. The most important point of Muller’s work was that there were no significant trend differences between sites of differing qualities.

    The science has moved on such that the earlier assertions of Muller and the entire climate establishment are now out of date. They should graciously acknowledge that fact.

    Leroy 2010 has been a time bomb waiting to go off and this paper has lit the fuse.

    All else is chaff.

    That is not to deny that warming has occurred but it does reduce it substantially from what we have been led to believe.

    In the meantime natural variability is being shown to have a greater influence than previously recognised.

    Those two factors combine to squeeze AGW into insignificance for policy purposes.


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      Andrew McRae

      > to squeeze AGW into insignificance for policy purposes.

      If only.
      This paper comes about a year too late to save Australia. Our politicians will probably declare there is no other way to prop up the federal budget without their carbon tax revenue.

      On the other hand we have a Leader of the Opposition who made a promise “written in blood” to repeal the tax, so here’s to hoping we have the world’s shortest-lived carbon tax, thanks in part to Anthony Watts’ team amongst many.


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        Sonny

        Sorry,
        But the game was already up three decades ago when the most powerful people on earth realised that a one world global government required a one world global problem. Once the education system, the media were infiltrated and muzzled – the game was over.
        We are stuffed. The level of deception that operates beneath the surface is staggering!


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    tckev

    If only all the governments’ mover and shaker would pay attention but I fear they will not.


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    ROM

    On the face of it, Anthony Watts did quite a preliminary beat up on his paper, a beat up that many felt was unwarranted when the prelims of the still to be published paper were released this morning EST Australia.
    Some bloggers elsewhere have made a few comments on the importance of this paper in climate and other branches of science if it gets to pass peer review but almost no comments have been made on its eventual effect on the local national and International politics, both within science and within the political and global financial and environmental lobbyist industries .

    So a few points all based on the probability that no major flaws will be found in the paper and it’s conclusions will hold up after being subjected to some of the toughest scrutiny that is ever likely to be trained on a single science paper for at least the last couple of decades.

    1 / Thousands of research papers from most science disciplines using and / or based on the USHCN and ultimately the GISS and CRU temperature data now lose some or all of their validity and relevancy.

    2 / The GHCN data base is now arguably catergorised as also being so corrupted for similar reasons to the USHCN as revealed by Watts and his fellow authors that it also can no longer be at all trusted or used in any future research work or at least until it also is thoroughly re-examined using the same analysis methods as used for the Watt’s paper.

    3 / Some thousands of researchers who have relied on and used the USHCN [ and in all likelihood now, the GHCN ] will have had a large part of their research life. for some a period of 20 years or more, declared all for nought as the base temperature data they used in their research is now in all probability incorrect or just plain wrong.

    4 / Hard questions are going to be asked as to why this corruption of the major temperature data base was allowed to persist for so long without any serious checking by independent researchers.

    5 / Hard questions will be asked why grant bodies refused to finance skeptical scientists to examine the data bases.

    6 / Another perhaps final nail in CRU’s coffin over it’s refusal to release basic climate data for examination by independent and skeptical scientists. After this both CRU and GISS may both shortly be relegated into the back rooms of climate history as no longer to be trusted or relevant.

    Politically!
    1 / The entire basis of all governmental programs across all nations to reduce CO2 now has half any expected impact or less and therefore double the costs for any likely effects.
    A lose, lose position for both the political apparatus and the citizenry.

    2 / The energy poor, the tens of thousands of UK citizens, those who have to make the choice of “heat or eat” in the UK, the 800,000 households that have been cutoff from power in Germany as they can no longer afford to pay the bills, will now have a massive weapon to beat against the politicals who have created this situation by raising power costs through alternative energy scams and “carbon” taxes, all at the behest of their “climate scientists’ and the big and corrupt financing organisations who have relied on the data from the USHCN and the GHCN as the basis of their claims of harmful warming.

    3 / A huge shake out in politics will eventuate over time as both advocacy politicians and their science advisers will be discredited, possibly totally if the Watt’s paper holds up in it’s ultimate conclusions.

    4 / The entire rationale for alternative energy and the immense subsidies that it has managed to extract from the public trough no longer has much rationale to substantiate it’s claims that it is reducing Greenhouse gases and therefore saving the planet by lowering the rise in global temperatures.

    5 / A lot of political operators are already searching for a way out of the financial morass created by their past lap dog subservience to alternative energy and carbon taxes and the immense expenditures on so called climate research and green house mitigation schemes. all of can now be wound right back to the point of extinction and probably will be within the next five years.

    6 / The emotional impact of the green claims of catastrophic events that can be blamed on global warming will be reduced to a point of absurdity.

    7 / The log jam of FOI’s on climate research will now suddenly take on a new importance as a lot of politicals and even researchers and some media will want to know and get to the bottom of how the the whole global temperature system was so corrupted by such a small cabal of climate scientists.

    8 / A number of public money grant organisations may be investigated as to why their biases were so serious that skeptical scientists did not get any grants to investigate this aspect of the temperature data.

    9 / Those losing influence and power;
    A / A whole slab of global warming advocacy politicians.
    B / Ditto. A whole class of advocacy climate researchers
    C / Ditto; Certain universities and climate organisations and climate researchers associated with them.
    D / Climate modelers en masse.
    E / An entire financial climate scamming system involving billions of dollars / euros and thousands of employees as there will no longer be any need as the results generated will now be known to be almost unmeasurable in their minimal impact on the global temperatures.
    F / Alternative energy lobbyists. All of them!

    There will be many other causalities in the climate change / global warming capers but this list will do for starters.
    Many of the events predicted above will not happen as there is huge inertia within the entire climate science discipline but in time the changes and no doubt some very long sharp knives in some now very vulnerable backs will become somewhat obvious.
    Other unforecast and predicted events and developments related to the Watts paper’s outcomes will eventuate.
    None will be of any real long term benefit to the continued meme of catastrophic global warming.

    Only a few of the above events will happen in the short term but over the next couple of years as the world financial system falls apart, the really hard questions as to where all those possibly half a trillion dollars expended on climate research and alternative energy and mitigation schemes all went and to what purpose will be asked
    And then get the pop corn if you can afford it!

    The times are about right for Anthony’s paper as the European and then the global financial system starts it’s downward spiral into a serious global recession at best or possibly much worse.
    Already the belief in the global warming catastrophe meme is collapsing under the restraints of financial pressures ,both personal, national and international.
    And many will ask in the near future; Where has the money gone ?
    And others will say; Look here!
    And then the true picture of the Great Global Warming scam will finally emerge.


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      bobl

      Rom, I can get the popcorn, but living in Australia, of course I can no longer afford to pop it


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      MadJak

      ROM,

      Unless there is a major flaw in anthonys’ work all of the vested interests will do whatever they can to nitpick, pillory, undermine and bury Anthonys paper. It will be trial by smear, propoganda and innuendo – in otherwords, nothing will change there :)

      If it holds up to scrutiny, they will still undermine it, but will progressively start to back away from their beliefs – slowly and gradually. Unfortunately this is the nature of tribes and cults.

      Keep in mind that Copernicus never got vindication until after his death, and galileo didn’t either (from the church anyway). I am not saying that Anthony is necessarily another copernicus or galileo, I am just using it as a benchmark to indicate the lengths powerful people will take to cover their own arses and percieved power base.


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      Ross

      Great post ROM.

      I hope you are right and I agree there may have to be a few more hits to add to AW’s sledge hammer to get the political ball thundering down the hill.
      In NZ we are waiting for the High Court decision on the NIWA data fiddling case ( the judge is “deliberating”). A positive result will help.

      Maybe when Tony Abbott & co get in next year ,if he follows Campbell Newman’s path and what Harper has done in Canada,that will help.
      What I am saying is if there is a range of things happening ( not just science or data but also political moves) then the momentum will be hard to stop.
      As you say it take a little time but it has to happen.


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      AndyG55

      Rom, There is an IPA gathering with Tony Abbott in Sydney next Monday.

      I am assuming that they already have a copy of the Watts et al prelim paper, but I was wondering if I could send a copy of your comments to the organisrs as well.

      Thanks,

      AG


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        ROM

        Andy, OK by me and thankyou. You do me a considerable honour with your request.

        Just to add a couple of points; As many, most have pointed out there will be a huge attempt by vested interests who have access to billions of public dollars and a life time of careful building up of reputations at stake to try and destroy Anthony Watt’s and his co- authors paper.
        However there is one inescapable fact now in the system and that is every scientist and every log rolling financier and every ministerial climate adviser will know that there is now a huge question mark hanging over the veracity of the global temperature data base which they in the past have used as the basis for science and advice to their political masters and as a source to justify their scamming of giga amounts of public monies.

        And every one of those individuals will be aware that if they now use that data base and base any further claims on it they may well be very answerable, with some unfortunate personal consequences, to their peers, their political masters and the populace and investors in the not so distant future.

        Regardless of the no doubt soon to be seen, desperate attempts to discredit this paper, unless Watt’s paper is substantially undone, he and his fellow authors have now sown the seed of doubt on the accuracy and truthfulness of the US and by inference at this stage, in the entire recorded Global temperature data base upon which the whole global warming scam is based. A doubt that will forever be lingering there until the day the scam is finally buried for good and as the Global data base is brought up to standards and an accepted accuracy that cannot be again substantially challenged.


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          AndyG55

          Thanks, Have copied and reformated it to “Word”. emailed to the guys from IPA with your name as poster and Jo’s blog as source.

          AG


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      ROM,

      An excellent futures and impact analysis. I tip my hat to you. There is nothing I could add.

      The Ministerial Advisors have gone out on a limb, regarding the advice that they have given to their masters.

      They have done this, because that is what their masters have wanted, for political purposes and trade negotiation purposes.

      Anthony Watts has now cut off that limb, and all the Advisors have to cling to is the excuse that their advice was based on the “best” data at the time.

      But unfortunately, that is the very excuse that the Politicians will wish to use, so the Advisors will have to go.

      The impact that this will have to the various Public Service Administrations is likely to be significant. The ripples will travel right through the organisations involved. If you think that the Public or Civil Services are bad now, “well you ain’t seen nothing yet”.


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        ROM

        Actually there is a bit more to add which I overlooked until getting to thinking about it.
        This may have been touched on here or in other blogs but if my memory serves me correctly, always a doubtful proposition when you are 74 years old, then all the papers for the IPCC’s AR5, the Fifth Assessment Report due in 2013 / 14 were to be in by the end of July, today, the 31st of July 2012.

        A commenter elsewhere noted that Muller and his BEST analysis apparently aimed to get his paper into the AR5 by announcing a preliminary release via a press release a few days ago to beat this deadline.

        Now Anthony Watts and his crew have upstaged Muller but have also placed on record the fact that they also have a paper announced before the IPCC’s cut off date which brings into play the probability that the entire foundations upon which ALL of the IPCC’s science is based is in error by possibly at least twice the actual real temperature trend.
        This questions the fundamental basis of most / all of the IPCC’s science of all the previous IPCC Assessment Reports.

        The IPCC now have a hell of a dilemma.
        If they go ahead with the current temperature data as the basis for all of their science in the AR5 and it is then shown after a forensic examination of Watt’s et al paper that Watts and his fellow authors are correct in their findings of a major corruption of the USHCN temperature data base and by inference in the GHCN data base then the whole of the IPCC’s AR5 will be null and void and not worth the paper it is printed on.

        If they include a peer reviewed Watt’s paper then ALL the other papers and science submitted for the AR5 is likely to be null and void and the IPCC is back to square one.
        Either way the IPCC is in one hell of a spot now with the upcoming release of it’s AR5 as if Watts is correct then all the science and claims from last 3 Assessment Reports are just junk.
        Judith Curry on more than one occasion has hinted that in her opinion, the first AR was about the only one where the science could be trusted.

        So the IPCC and it’s cabal of warmist editors have the choices of
        1 / Burying Watt’s paper if at all possible.
        However within probably 3 months or so Watt’s paper will have been peer reviewed and published one way or the other and it’s findings out there for analysis in the world of climate and other science.
        And if it holds up in the science then the IPCC’s AR5 is dead in the water.

        2 / Accept the findings of the paper and, announce to the world that due to these findings the science in the AR5 will now be re-examined and reassessed and the release of the AR5 will be put back to a date to be announced

        Which of course says that all the previous IPCC science and conclusions arising out of that science is RS.

        And politically, can anybody get their minds around the enormous political implications of this whole situation IF it will be shown through Watts peer reviewed paper that the IPCC, the supposedly definitive science based global organisation that has been the prime source of all politically based decisions on global warming / climate change policies amongst the governments of the world, which if Watts is proven correct, has been using wrong and corrupted data for over 20 years.

        And those decisions have involved often severe societal changes and dislocations, substantially increased taxes and the expenditure of immense public sums all based on wrong and corrupted data for over 20 years, corrupted data that the IPCC has never attempted to verify or challenge,

        The IPCC as a science and political organisation is finished forever and can now only bring down on itself and those who run it and research it’s science the opprobrium of entire nations and governments.

        Anthony Watts with his press release on Sunday, released the genie from the bottle and it can never be put back.


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          Well done ROM. Make your posts into a crunchy piece with bullet points, and send it to Jo.

          You’re absolutely right about AR5, the Jesus Paper (Wahl & Ammann) approach will no longer work to sustain their beliefs.

          Another point was well made, to the effect that Anthony has basically offered a “get out of jail free” card to all the many other scientists who have (innocently and with best intent) relied on earlier papers (Menne, Fall, BEST, etc) to validate the temperature data.

          Only now, with the hindsight of Leroy’s tools, can they – er – stop to reconsider the whole AGW on the basis of fundamental data, whose improvement needed to wait for the appropriate tools to be developed.

          We may privately think this assessment is, er, too kind ;)


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    Geoff Sherrington

    All week I’ve been wondering if we can quickly produce an Australian complementary version of Anthony’s paper. There’s been a lot of work here showing errors, but they tend to be different types of errors to those from the USA (at least until they leave our shores). Kenskingdom and other notables have shown reasons to decrease the Australian overall trend, but then we have tiny airport sites here whereas the USA has weather stations at some very big ones.

    I’ve found the standard deviation of a data string to be a useful guide to consistency, but it is dependent on a large number of observations in the string, to mean much. Maybe converting some of the AW data to a metric like that and comparing it to ours would help us decide which way to go. There are plenty of sites in Australia that show larger and smaller trends than Anthony’s over a similar time period, but I think mainly for different reasons. Then one has to wonder what goes on in New Zealand, Egypt, Zimbabwe, Patagonia etc. Gawd, what a mess.


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      redc

      I’d been thinking this all day and was about to post when you beat me to it. The obvious thing about this is that the Leroy 2010 classifications can be applied to the stations from every other country. Will the same bias be revealed? Will it be better or worse? Nobody knows because it hasn’t been done.


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      Do it Geoff. With Aussie friends’ help.

      Anthony needs “independent” replication… err… confirmation. His paper will be harder and harder to ignore as time passes, and… you know the importance of being able to say “other studies back us up”. This is what Mann says about his HS, so why not take on the weapons of our opponents so long as we fight clean?


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    Liddy

    Can I please make a request. Can we all start labeling climate change pseudoscience like this new BEST study as “MANNIAN SCIENCE”.

    hockey stick = mannian science
    al gore rising sea levels = mannian science
    tim flannery AGW-caused drought = mannian science
    polar bear becoming extinct = mannian science

    etc.

    TQ


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      Rob JM

      It an insult to us scientist to call that crud science.
      The correct term is Mannian Magic!


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        Rereke Whakaaro

        You are both wrong.

        No other than the Chairman of the IPCC has already coined the term “Voodoo Science”, and I think the examples given by Liddy fall exactly into that category, especially when considered in the light of the Watt et al paper.


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    Liddy

    Just to add, you know, Michael Mann and his ilk deem it appropriate to label climate change skeptics as holocaust deniers and beetle larvae. Only seems fair that we recognize his contributions to climate change science by giving him his own category. MANNIAN SCIENCE = hokey schtick science.

    TQ


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    DougS

    Joanne doing what she does best – hard work – summarizing and homing in on the salient points.

    Great stuff!


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    Phil Ford

    Let’s just not get too carried away by the anticipated reception to the WUT paper. The establishment (i.e. warmista) response, when it comes, is likely to be brutal (here’s an early warning). I suspect pro-CAGW organizations will close ranks against Watts with all of their usual bluster and prevarication, backed-up by one of the world’s most effective propaganda machines – the mainstream media, who will either rubbish Watt’s claims or (more likely) completely ignore it.

    I applaud what the independent WUT team have contributed. I’m not so sure it stands a cat-in-Hell’s chance against the assembled might of the pro-CAGW publicly-financed political machine. We are so far down the CAGW rabbit hole that scientific climate truth is now barely surviving, even on life-support. But I must remain optimistic that there are perhaps a few good and fair-minded climate scientists who are prepared to enter into a civilized and informed debate with the WUT findings.


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      May I politely ask what is brutal about pointing out some differences between the press statement and the actual achievements of the manuscript by Watts et al.? I do hope it is allowed to read a manuscript critically. Anthony Watts himself advocates reviews of papers by bloggers.


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        Mate, you are just another example of someone on the government payroll defending his ricebowl.

        FWIW I couldn’t give a rat’s rear end about all this statistical manipulation of data that is utter crap, being used for purposes for which it was never intended, to justify implementing solutions that won’t work, to a problem that never existed.

        Seems you can get any answer you like from the data depending on how you process it. Probably means there isn’t a significant signal, just noise.

        For the other readers who haven’t gone to the link this jerk is part of the government funded climate establishment in Germany. Like all the other European (mainly German) enviro “scientists” who come out here to tell us how the GBR will disappear, we’ll all shrivel up and blow away etc, etc. Given Europe’s financial problems these people should all be turned out into the streets to starve.

        I’ve got a short fuse for this sort of thing right now, being stuck in Perth for at least a few more days until my co-pilot(wife) and I get over the flu and the weather clears enough for us to fly home.(Queensland)


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          Do you use all this foul language because you prefer a mud fight over a ration discussion? Makes a rather immature impression.

          You should not believe me because I am a scientist, but based on my arguments. Then it is irrelevant who pays my salary and that I get my money from meteorology and not from climatology and could work in any other field as a trained physicist. Just show that my arguments are wrong. I guess by now even you have understood how sloppy the Watts et al. manuscript is. Even McIntre of Climate Audit and Roger Pielke Sr. distance themselves from the manuscript out of fear for their reputation.

          Two good reviews of this “study”, with lot’s of arguments are:
          http://tamino.wordpress.com/2012/08/01/much-ado-about-nothing/
          http://www.skepticalscience.com/watts_new_paper_critique.html

          Please try an respond to these arguments.


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    What the Watts paper actually means, is that a lot of people have spent a lot of our taxpayer money and came up with a number that’s wrong by +100%.

    http://thepointman.wordpress.com/2012/07/30/whats-the-watts-paper-actually-mean-dude/

    Pointman


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    gai

    A big thank you to Joanne for taking Anthony’s hard work and boiling it down to something the average person can understand. She does a really great service for all of us.

    Now if we can get the lazy pseudo-journalists in the lame stream media to actually look at the information we might get somewhere. Here is a possible scheme:

    Use links to Joanne and Anthony’s blogs and a printout of graphs.

    Then use the fact that 7,800 people died in the UK as a result of fuel poverty.

    In the USA use the fact that Coal provides 46 percent of U.S. electric power generation and the EPA just shut that power down long term and replaces it with high cost energy. From energycommerce.house.gov “the “auction was impacted by an unprecedented amount of planned generation retirements (more than 14,000 MW) driven largely by environmental regulations, which drove prices higher than last year’s auction.” replacement energy is 8 times higher than the $16 per MW price that was set for 2012-2013 ranging from $136 for the Mid-Atlantic/parts of the Midwest to a whopping $357 for northern Ohio.

    Here is a nice Graph showing the impact. Even better take the typical household in your area (ask at your electric company) and show the monthly increase in the fuel bill. For Americans the average household consumes about 14000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year or 1166 (kWh) per month. You use that multiply for your new graph and you get a nice graph of the monthly cost increase.

    I am sure similar figures are available for other countries.

    Take all the information and shove it under the nose of your local paper. Tell them to go interview the local power company. This is BIG NEWS and effects all the every day people who read their paper. The MSM will not touch it but the local papers might. So lets do an end run around them. If that does not work make up a short and sweet flyer with the graphs and start handing it out.

    Anthony and Joanne have handed us a big fat two by four so lets start using it to clobber some politicians mules.


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      Graeme No.3

      I see from the graph that here in South Australia it is 2031.

      We’ve had the advantage(?) of a Premier Mike Rann (a premier of very little brain) who pushed wind turbines and solar PV on us. Rann has gone, thankfully, but the damage remains. Wind is at 31% of capacity and solar PV at 5%, but what contribution they actually make is a guess.

      I have a 2.9kW solar PV installation (couldn’t resist the legislated feedback tariff) and in over 2 months I have had 2 days where the amount generated has matched the consumption. Those days usage figures were 7.6 and 9.6 kWh, which brackets my average (3.2-3.4 MWh p.a.). So I need about 3.3 hours sunshine in the middle of a day to match usage. Fat chance in winter, possible in summer, and in neither season does it provide power at times of peak demand.

      But those turbines and solar panels have really pushed up electricity prices; doubled in 6 years. I can afford it, but I really wonder what was going through the minds of Mike and his mates who claimed to be on the side of the less well off and disadvantaged who are bearing the brunt here, as in the UK and Germany.


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    Man Bearpig

    Doesn’t this also confirm the discrepancies found in the NZ temperature data ?


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      I suspect it does, although we do not have the detailed site survey results that Anthony Watts has about the US sites.

      The question is really about the adjustment algorithms that are applied to “adjust” temperature readings for whatever purpose. If those algorithms have been shared by the US, and are used in New Zealand, then it is reasonable to assume that the same discrepancies will be apparent.

      We cannot confirm (or negate) that until we can do a proper, and controlled, survey of New Zealand sites, similar to the one conducted in the US.


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  • #

    I would just add to Rom’s excellent effect summary above that the educational systems all over the West have been redesigned using UNESCO criteria based on a redesigned global economy restructured around the environment. Centrally planned and determined economies deemphasizing the independent individual entitled to make personal decisions based on economic freedom.

    It’s not enough to determine the false premises behind all these statist machinations. Althouh it is a great and necessary start. AGW was the illusory stated goal but we now need to set about extirpating the tools used like Outcomes Based Education practices and carbon taxes and deliberate attempts to mislead the masses through the media.

    Otherwise we will continue to have policies designed to misportray reality to make people predictable, malleable, and controllable. Regardless of the temperatures and what we know about centrally planned economies.

    Supercomputers and intrusive data are not the solution.


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    Rogelio

    The sad part is that NO ONE will even hear or care about this study. Not one mainline newspaper has published it. BEST is all over the place. The ONLY thing that will make this thing move is legal action against the people organizations promoting the fraud. Obviously NO ONE is prepared to take them on. Sad. Of course it could be that NO ONE is interested in climate anymore as it has beeen flogged to death. Maybe people are by now really really bored by the whole issue.


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      It is early days yet. And, it seems that some of the other influential climate establishment have turned on Muller, and BEST, and tearing both to pieces. Perhaps they haven’t been fed recently.


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    pattoh

    Gee

    Where is Anna Rose or Tony Jones when you need to pose a question?


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    janama

    James Delingpole in his blog for Britain’s The Daily Telegraph:

    THE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the US government body in charge of America’s temperature record, has systematically exaggerated the extent of late 20th-century global warming. In fact, it has doubled it . . . What (Anthony) Watts (of the Watts Up With That? blog) has conclusively demonstrated is that most of the weather stations in the US are so poorly sited that their temperature data is unreliable. Around 90 per cent have had their temperature readings skewed by the Urban Heat Island Effect . . . . . . Poor Professor Muller has been telling anyone who’ll listen . . . that as a former “sceptic” he has now been forced by weight of evidence to conclude that global warming is definitely man-made and there has been lots of it (a whole 1.5 degrees C — Wow! that’s like almost as much as you’d get if you drove from London to Manchester!!!) since 1750.

    Tragically as Watts has very reluctantly and by-no-means-experiencing-any-kind-of-Schadenfreude had to point out the data used by Muller to draw these conclusions was unreliable to the point of utter uselessness. So, in the spirit of magnanimity in total crushing victory, I would urge readers of this blog not to crow too much about the devastating blow Watts’s findings will have on The Guardian’s battalion of environment correspondents, on The New York Times, on NOAA, on Al Gore, on the Prince of Wales, on the Royal Society, on Professor Muller, or on any of the other rent-seekers, grant-grubbers, eco-loons, crony capitalists, junk scientists, UN apparatchiks, EU technocrats, hideous porcine blobsters, demented squawking parrots, life-free loser trolls, paid CACC-amites and True Believers in the Great Global Warming Religion. That would be plain wrong.

    [I reformatted the comment for ease of reading and highlighted the important bits so that all the hideous porcine blobsters don't miss it. Hope you don't mind. mod oggi :) ]


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    Michael Larkin

    Jo,

    Thank you so much for this highly intelligible analysis. I’d got the gist of the paper, but for a non-scientist like me, this greatly added to my appreciation. This is the place to come for analysis for the layman! :-)


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    Rob H

    Now let’s have a look at the “official” Australian temperature record.


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    Mike of NQ

    One comment to make. The best case scenario suggests 0.155 degrees Celsius per decade. In the next 500 years that is nearly 8 degrees Celsius. I know 8 degrees is better than the NOAA result of 15 degrees over 500 years. But it is still alarming. Am I missing something.


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      You’ve never done any science or maths, have you?


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        Mike of NQ

        Wow, is it my lack of science or is it maths that scares you or is it just your greatness. By the way, I do have a science degree including distinctions in maths but that’s not the topic is it. I AM a skeptic but was surprised by the magnitude of 0.155 degrees / decade when 0.3 degrees is an often quoted figure but per century and not decade.


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          crakar24

          Mike of NQ,

          According to the CRU data we had a warming period from 1910 to 1940 of 0.45C or 0.15C per decade, also according to the CRU we had a warming period from 1970 to 2000 of 0.48C or 0.16C per decade. If you go back to 1860 to 1880 (yes i know only 20 years) this period also had a warming of about 0.15C per decade.

          Now we see that if you discard all the dodgy stations and only look at the good stations we see a trend of +0.155C per decade.

          In other words Mike there is nothing new in any of this warming, this fact has been a thron in the side of the warmbots for many years, oh and this warming began about 300 years ago before mans evil CO2 arrived.

          Yes you have calculated that in 500 years the temp rise would be 8 degrees, this is how the IPCC amatuerishly calculate their trends and we all know how that has worked out for them.


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        Sceptical Sam

        Mike,

        You won’t win the argument using the tactics of the “dark side”.

        Smarten up mate.


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      Mark D.

      And probably hasn’t thought about what has happened in the world over the LAST 500 years or where he’ll be at the end of the next 500 either.

      Yes Mike of NQ, you are missing something. challenge your self to find it and ask questions along the way!


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      crakar24

      Yes you are.


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      crakar24

      Would you like to know what that something is?


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      KinkyKeith

      Yeak Mike

      The missing “something” as you describe it is that nothing goes on forever.

      This current temperature rise is part of what the owrld has always done : Change.

      temperatures on Earth are not and never have been stable.

      There are some very unpleasant people taking advantage of a current lift in temp to run a scare campaign that is very profitable.

      general Electric loves Global Warming – they sell the “solution” Giant Wasteful Wind Turbines.

      KK.


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        Mike of NQ

        Thankyou for the reponse, the work completed by Anthony Watts and Co. is very thorough. My question is, does the difference between the good data and the bad data reflect the Heat Urban effect or simply poor positioning of the temperature gauges? I would love to see the data as a graph based on population. For example, gauages representing cities with populations over 5 million all the way down to gauges representing towns with populations < 1,000regional centres. I have a feeling that the data would be significantly skewed, ie next to no change in regional centres.


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          crakar24

          Mike,

          I see it this way and if i am wrong then anyone can feel free to correct me.

          We have good stations and we have bad stations, the good stations match the historical trends and they match the sat records. I dont think it matters where the stations are, in other words we have some stations that produce accurate RAW data we then correct for UHI etc and we are left with an accurate adjusted data for the days temp.

          We also have bad data which give us incorrect RAW data we then adjust for UHI etc and we are left with incorrect adjusted data.

          The problem lies in what do they then to make the incorrect adjusted data correct?

          How can you accurately adjust the data for the incorrectness?

          The bottim line is you have no idea what the errors are so therefore you cannot adjust the errors out with any degree of confidence, remember these are not adjustments for UHI etc these are adjustments because the site does not meet the standard, because the site does not meet the standard its data is inaccurate but you have no way of knowing how to adjust it out.

          Does this make sense?


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            Debbie

            Yes Crakar,
            Very strangely…that makes sense.
            Mike,
            Your ‘feeling’ is possibly correct….but there is no data to support that either.
            My ‘feelings’ are the same as I live in a rural area with plenty of generational records to draw on but those records are not ‘official’ records.
            If I look at those records and use the same basic techniques to both graph the trends and cycles and then extrapolate them, there is nothing ‘alarming’ at all that is happening. It has all happened before and there is no noticeable ‘correlation’ with anything to do with human activity.
            The real point is that the ‘science’ is most definitely not settled.
            There are 2 reasons for that:
            1) Statistical analysis and computer generated extrapolations are not ‘Science’.
            2)Computer generated extrapolations are only a tool and they are NOT a useful tool if a) they are not correctly updated or b) The data that was used to construct them is not ‘robust’.
            This work by Watts has pointed out problems with both a & b above.


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          KinkyKeith

          One of the best directions to approach this temperature change and gain perspective on its’ relevance is from geology.

          The last big ice age that ended about 18,000 years back saw incredible temperature rises that went on for 10,000 years plus.

          Likewise sea levels rose at rates up to 15 mm per year for some parts of the melt. This is compared with the current rate of about 1.5 mm per year.

          Over the last 6,000 years the oceans have fluctuated up and down through a band of over one metre.

          Fluctuations of temperature and ocean levels are routine parts of the Earth’s life cycle so there is nothing unprecedented in the current temperature changes.

          Our greatest danger is that we on Earth will be unable to hold enough of the suns energy here to survive; it is very cold in deep space.

          KK


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          KinkyKeith

          “My question is, does the difference between the good data and the bad data reflect the Heat Urban effect or simply poor positioning of the temperature gauges?”

          I think you know the answer.

          It is both.

          The misplaced gauges are measuring the unrepresentative temperature of the UHI

          KK


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          ROM

          Sorry! This old guy hasn’t figured out these HTML tags yet for the quotes.

          Roy Spencer of UAH has had already had a go at this using a simple model of increasing population densities to adjust station temperatures.
          He came up with a linear warming trend figure of +.13 C / decade, astonishingly close to and within the range of Watt’s linear trends.
          Spencer posted this in the April 2012 update of the US temps.

          From Spencer’s post @ http://www.drroyspencer.com/2012/05/u-s-temperature-update-for-april-2012-1-28-deg-c/

          “A quick recap regarding this new temperature dataset: the area averages for the contiguous U.S. are based upon approximately 300 stations in the NCDC Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) archive, which is updated daily here. Most of the stations I use are National Weather Service or FAA reporting sites at airports. The stations must have been in continuous operation since 1973 for them to be included.

          My computation of a daily average temperature from each station requires 4 observations (at 00, 06, 12, and 18 UTC, which are standard synoptic reporting times), and there must be at least 80% of the days present for a monthly average to be computed for a station. Then there must be 80% of the months available over the 1973-2012 period of record, including all of 1973 and 2011.

          I quantified the average increase in station temperature trends with increasing population density, and adjusted all stations based upon that average relationship to a nominal population density of 1 person per sq. km (this involved no extrapolation). Presumably, this is adjusting for the urban heat island (UHI) effect which apparently grows over time (people tend to build more buildings, roads, parking lots, add more AC, etc.)

          Here are the resulting monthly temperature departures from the period average (click for large version):
          [Graph]

          Note that the linear warming trend I get (+0.13 deg. C/decade) is about 50% of that I get from analyzing the USHCN data (+0.26 deg. C/decade).

          It is also a considerable reduction below what I get if I perform no population density adjustment (+0.22 deg. C/decade). Since that population adjustment is so large, here are the data supporting it (click for large version):
          [ graph ]

          The regression coefficient (.0422) has a standard error of estimate of about +/- 25%, which gives some idea of the level of uncertainty in the UHI adjustment I have made. The population adjustment is based upon the stations east of 115 deg. W longitude, since there did not appear to be a relationship between temperature trend and population west of that. The UHI adjustment is admittedly simple, being based only upon local population density in year 2000, and it might well be that some other method would do a better job of removing the UHI effect.” [end]

          And this from comments on the Bishop Hill blog post “Counterblast”; http://bishophill.squarespace.com/blog/2012/7/29/counterblast.html?currentPage=2#comments.

          matthu: “How does this analysis compare with satellite trends?”

          SteveF at the Blackboard pointed me to line 739 of the paper, which says:

          By way of comparison, the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH) Lower Troposphere CONUS trend over this period is 0.25°C/decade and Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) has 0.23°C/decade, the average being 0.24°C/decade. This provides an upper bound for the surface temperature since the upper air is supposed to have larger trends than the surface (e.g. see Klotzbach et al (2011). Therefore, the surface temperatures should display some fraction of that 0.24°C/decade trend. Depending on the amplification factor used, which for some models ranges from 1.1 to 1.4, the surface trend would calculate to be in the range of 0.17 to 0.22, which is close to the 0.155°C/decade trend seen in the compliant Class 1&2 stations.


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      AndyG55

      Mike, you can summise a linear trend to basically any data if you wish to do so. (Or any other sort of curve if you like.)

      But to think that these curevs are in ANY WAY predictive wrt climate is totally ludicrous.

      Roy Spencer jokingly uses a 3rd or 4th order polynomial.. any people don’t see the joke ;-)


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      Wayne, s. Job

      Yes you are missing something, this study showed two decades to compare with the warmist numbers. Since the time of the end of this study period the temp stopped rising and has started to fall. That then negates the previous warming, with the sun in a huff and the ocean cycles in the cooling mode 1900 temperatures will be upon us in short order. Thus zero warming for a hundred odd years.

      The problem the earth faces at the moment is historical facts of the cyclic nature of ice ages and the rather inconvenient truth that we are due for one. If you care to look at the very long proxy record of temperature for this interglacial you may be surprised to learn that far from being fried to death, the temperature has been heading down for hundreds of years. We are in a cold spell and slowly getting colder. This time in our history 2-5 degrees warmer would be a blessing.


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      gai

      Temperatures on earth have never gone up and continued going up. They have never gone down and continued down. Essentially the earth’s climate seems to be “Bi-stable” that is it has a warm phase and a cold phase with rapid transitions in between Temperatures are also cyclical with a ~50-88yr cycle, a ~200 yr cycle, ~ a 400 yr cycle, ~ a 1500 yr cycle and of course the Milancovitch cycles.

      This essay by a geologist shows why warming is not the real issue when talking of future climate.

      We live today possibly near the end of the most recent interglacial, the Holocene, or the 11,715 years since we melted our way out of the last glacial, the Wisconsin Ice Age, the interglacial in which all of human civilization has occurred. Five of the last six interglacials have each lasted about half a precession cycle. The precession cycle itself varies between 19,000 and 23,000 years and we are close to the 23kyr point now, making 11,715 years about half……..which is why this discussion has relevance…..

      This has been know since the late 1960′s since BEFORE the UN and Maurice Strong started pedaling CAGW and environmentalism in 1972 at the First Earth Summit. BEFORE we actually started to see any of the warming of the 1980′s. The 88yr cycle was also known at that time so an increase in temp could be easily predicted just as “Deniers” have been predicting a down turn in temperatures for the next thirty or so years.

      The Milancovitch Cycles do not always produce enough solar energy to cause an interglacial but they ALWAYS decrease the solar energy so an ice age is inevitable. Other studies show the solar insolation is now low enough to flip the earth into an ice age. So let’s hope CO2 does cause a bit of warming. At this point we need all the help we can get.

      Lesson from the past: present insolation minimum holds potential for glacial inception
      Ulrich C. Müller & Jörg Pross, Institute of Geosciences, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany

      “Because the intensities of the 397 ka BP and present insolation minima are very similar, we conclude that under natural boundary conditions the present insolation minimum holds the potential to terminate the Holocene interglacial.Sciencedirect Abstract

      Temperature and precipitation history of the Arctic Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research and Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0450, USA et al

      Ice recession was well underway 16 ka ago, and most of the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets had melted by 6 ka ago. Solar energy reached a summer maximum (9% higher than at present) ca 11 ka ago and has been decreasing since then, primarily in response to the precession of the equinoxes. The extra energy elevated early Holocene summer temperatures throughout the Arctic 1-3° C above 20th century averages… Sciencedirect Abstract

      One other problem is colder temperatures mean the oceans suck down CO2 so crops will have to battle near starvation levels of CO2 as well as drought and the cold – UGLY. Even uglier is how fast it can happen.

      Abrupt Climate Change: Should We Be Worried? – Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

      …Most of the studies and debates on potential climate change, along with its ecological and economic impacts, have focused on the ongoing buildup of industrial greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and a gradual increase in global temperatures. This line of thinking, however, fails to consider another potentially disruptive climate scenario. It ignores recent and rapidly advancing evidence that Earth’s climate repeatedly has shifted abruptly and dramatically in the past, and is capable of doing so in the future.

      Fossil evidence clearly demonstrates that Earth vs climate can shift gears within a decade….

      But the concept remains little known and scarcely appreciated in the wider community of scientists, economists, policy makers, and world political and business leaders. Thus, world leaders may be planning for climate scenarios of global warming that are opposite to what might actually occur…

      Here are three graphs to show where we actually are:
      Greenland 10,000 years
      10,000 yrs Vostok Antarctica
      Five interglacials + CO2

      Those graphs, especially the last one do not give me the warm fuzzies as to which way the temperature is ultimately headed. I sure would prefer a couple degrees warmer and wetter than a couple miles of ice. Time to burn as much coal as we can!


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    pat

    no mention of anthony’s press release:

    30 July: ABC Australia: World Today: New findings add to certainty on climate change, while one sceptic has a turnaround
    University of Melbourne climate scientist, Professor David Karoly, says Professor Muller’s results confirm what numerous other studies have already shown.
    DAVID KAROLY: If you consider a victory someone accepting clearly what evidence shows then yes, it is a victory, but I would not consider that to be an important victory because the vast majority of climate scientists around the world have been assessing the data for an extended period and have reached these conclusions more than 10 years ago…
    SIMON LAUDER: He also says that his conclusions are stronger than the IPCC’s.
    DAVID KAROLY: He does say that and his comments are difficult to assess at present, mainly because the details of his study are in fact under peer review for a scientific journal. But in fact the methodology that he’s used to link the observed warming to increasing greenhouse gases, the so-called attribution step, is not nearly as robust as many other studies have undertaken over the last 10 years.
    SIMON LAUDER: It goes to show there’s always a place for some scepticism in science…
    http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2012/s3556287.htm

    can’t wait years to be vetted, but WaPo has already found someone to offer words of caution on anthony’s:

    30 July: WaPo: Brad Plumer: Two climate papers get hyped first, reviewed later. Isn’t that a bad idea?
    Meanwhile, climate skeptic Anthony Watts trumpeted a new paper that questioned some of the techniques used by NOAA to calculate U.S. temperature trends. Watts’ paper was quickly heralded by climate-change doubters everywhere.
    And yet, as my colleague Jason Samenow discusses in detail, neither of these research endeavors have yet undergone full peer review. Watts said he’s planning to submit his paper to a journal, while Muller’s group conceded that their studies still haven’t made it through review. That makes these papers no different from thousands of others around the world waiting to be reviewed and published by journals. So why should these findings receive special hype?…
    (For those curious, Victor Venema, a scientist who does work in a related field, took an early look at Watts’ paper and offered some words of caution.)
    One possibility is that these papers are so crucial that they can’t possibly wait years before being thoroughly vetted…
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/ezra-klein/wp/2012/07/30/two-climate-papers-get-hyped-first-reviewed-later-isnt-that-a-bad-idea/


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    val majkus

    sorry if this has been mentioned but picked up at WUWT

    here’s NOAA’s initial response:

    http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/30/a-closer-look-at-climate-studies-promoted-before-publicatio/#more-45511

    the BBC gives emphasis to Muller and Mann and includes only a late and tiny mention of Anthony’s work.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19047501

    and Climate Depot has the reaction from Germany
    http://notrickszone.com/2012/07/30/reaction-from-germany-on-wattss-press-release-shocking-development-could-have-global-relevance/

    The result of the new study is shocking: Instead of correcting downwards temperatures that were heated by the urban heat island effect, the official US administration offices apparently corrected data from qualitively reliable stations upwards, which appears to be unjustifiable. If the result is confirmed, then it would be a shocking development. The warming in the USA over the last years would be far less rapid than what has always been assumed. And because similar errors are supected elsewhere, the issue could quickly gain global relevance.”

    I asked Dr. Lüning to comment more on why this could have global implications. He kindly replied by e-mail:

    Bit by bit others who might jump onto the train will now use the same methodology worldwide and will probably find that it really affects the global curve.”

    Lüning and Vahrenholt also provide the press release in German at their site.

    Take it from them; they’re experts. This could very well have global consequences. One thing is sure: It’s a an utter embarassment for the NOAA, and the perceived reliability of US and international data will be in question for years to come. Faith in the surface station data is crumbling.


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      REP

      For what it’s worth, that tiny mention on the BBC contained a link that has resulted in over 2000 referrals to WUWT in two days. Even the Guardian subtly included a link that resulted in substantial traffic. The Fox News article, however, contained links to the BEST home page, Ricard Muller’s NYT op-ed and even Michael Mann’s facebook page, but did NOT link to WUWT or the paper. Fair and Balanced indeed.


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    [...] Worse, the adjusted data shows an even warmer trend than the warmest and worst stations. That casts a very dark shadow indeed. How honest or impartial are the scientists who adjust data from stations with thermometers near air-conditioners and create more warming? Bad stations have been adjusted up, instead of down, and then the good stations were adjusted up to match the now-really-awful-bad ones. The stench of failure and a lack of dedication to the truth in on show… Read it all here [...]


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    Truthseeker

    A hard science post and Team Smith are absent …

    Correlation is not causation … maybe.

    [There is no correlation. He stepped over Jo's line. You do so at your peril -Fly]


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    [...] Blockbuster: Anthony Watts skewers Muller, BEST, and the surface record all in one paper [...]


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    pat

    it’s only taxpayers’ money:

    31 July: Australian: Sue Dunlevy: Centrelink lays on extra staff to cope with carbon compo queries
    The telephonic tsunami has forced the welfare agency that manages unemployment benefits, the age pension, disability and family payments to spend $206 million to increase staff numbers. The government has signed a new $474m telephone contract it says will allow it to move staff to areas of greatest need and redirect telephone traffic during peak periods.
    Part of the extra load is due to inquiries about carbon-tax compensation and new rules for the education-tax refund, a spokeswoman for Human Services Minister Senator Kim Carr said…
    “The government secured the jobs of 600 skilled call-centre staff with an additional $206m in the last budget. To deal with peak time this year, Centrelink has put on an additional 720 positions since March.”
    http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/carbon-tax/centrelink-lays-on-extra-staff-to-cope-with-carbon-compo-queries/story-fndttws1-1226438928910


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    pat

    no surprises here:

    30 July: CNN: Steve Hargreaves: Carbon tax gets unusual support
    Calls for a carbon tax on fossil fuels like gasoline and coal are coming from a surprising quarter these days — Republicans.
    In recent weeks, several prominent Republican thinkers have floated the idea of imposing higher taxes on gasoline, coal and natural gas. The increases, they say, would be offset by tax cuts on paychecks, dividends or corporate taxes…
    The Energy and Enterprise Initiative, which launched earlier this month, has recently begun pushing the idea, with members making the rounds at college campuses and media outlets.
    Talk of a carbon tax came to the fore a few weeks ago when conservative thinkers held a conference around the idea.
    While the carbon tax plan is drawing attention now, the idea itself is not new in conservative circles.
    For example, a 2007 paper published by the American Enterprise Institute, an influential conservative group, argued that a carbon tax would be preferable to other ways of reducing greenhouse gases such as mandatory emission limits.
    One of the authors was Kevin Hassett, now an adviser to presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney. A spokesman for Hassett said he was unavailable for comment. A Romney campaign spokeswoman said the candidate does not support such a tax, saying it would push jobs overseas…
    “We have to have a system where all forms of energy bear their full costs,” President Reagan’s former Secretary of State George Shultz said in a recent interview with Stanford University News. Shultz now heads a task force at Stanford that is currently studying the feasibility of a carbon tax…
    He also cites energy independence, as well as global warming, “which is not a matter of opinion, but a matter of fact,” he said. “The arctic is melting. A lot of people seem to be scoffing at the idea of global warming, but reality will catch up with them.”…
    http://money.cnn.com/2012/07/30/news/economy/carbon-tax/?source=cnn_bin


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      gai

      If you look at it from the point of view of Dr Evans “Regulating Class” Regulations, taxes, Socialism and anything else that taxes and/or controls commerce is all to the good.

      Commerce (barter) between two independent people aka capitalism, benefits those two people. However Governments, Politicians, Bureaucrats, Banks, Middlemen, Corporations, grant seeking Universities and the rest of the LEECHES Regulating Class all want to horn in on the transaction and get a slice of the wealth involved. ~ If the Regulating Class actually contributes something of value by distributing the products, help manufacture them faster or builds the roads to transport the products and provide protection in the form of police/fire/armies, then fine and dandy. ~ But that is no longer what is happening. The regulating Class is now using the system to line their pockets without equivalent value given instead they trade goods are the destruction of our very culture and civilization.

      This is why the regulating class, which includes the bankers big corporations and educators, are all pro-socialists and anti-capitalist/competition. It is also why the Regulating Class wishes to destroy the USA, EU, Australia and Canada. We are a “Mature Market” and we have our houses and plumbing and cars and computers. They have already milked us dry. China, India, Brazil, and Russia are young markets and therefore represent a lot of potential wealth to be “Harvested”

      Also if they manage to force Agenda 21 down our throats it is the equivalent of WWI & WWII without the possibility of it getting out of hand (Nuclear.) This means after we wake-up (if we are not buried under ice) we will have to rebuild our civilization all over again.

      Remember Robert Watson was the IPCC chair before Patchy and he works for the World bank. See Worldbank.org link for Watson’s Bio and their Socialist propaganda and compare it to their actions.

      This is how utterly hypocritical the World Bank is Graph: lending for coal generated plants 2003 – 2010 from LINK

      V. Lenin, the founder of the Russian revolution identified the strength of the United States when he said.
      “The Socialist Revolution in the US cannot take place because there are too many small independent farmers there. Those people are the stability factor. We here in Russia must hurry while our government is stupid enough to not encourage and support the independent farmership.”

      FROM: Cry Out of Russia…escape from darkness By Anna Fisher

      Lenin was not just talking about the farmers themselves but about the community of interlocking small businesses comprising the fabric of America, Australia and Canada. This community of entrepreneurs has been the target of the “Regulating Class” for eons.

      “Political tags — such as royalist, communist, democrat, populist, fascist, liberal, conservative, and so forth — are never basic criteria. The human race divides politically into those who want people controlled and those who have no such desire. The former are idealists acting from the highest motives for the greatest good of the greatest number. The latter are surly curmudgeons, suspicous, and lacking in altruism. But they are more comfortable neighbors than the other sort.” ~ Robert Heinlein

      Boy did he have that one right!

      I hope I have explained that concept well enough. Before anything else we must identify our actual enemies and they are very practiced in keeping themselves hidden and us at each other’s throats.


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    pat

    the rush of CAGW PR at present is all about this:

    30 July: Reuters: UPDATE 1-U.N. carbon credits fall to new record low
    CERs fall to new record low of 2.67 euros a tonne
    Reporting by Nina Chestney; Editing by Anthony Barker
    Benchmark United Nations’ carbon permits fell 7 percent to a fresh record low on Monday, taking their lead from lower prices for European Union emissions allowances and extending losses made last week…
    Volume was low at 575 lots traded.
    EU allowances (EUAs) for delivery in December 2013 fell by 3.76 percent to 6.66 euros a tonne, narrowing the spread between the two benchmark contracts to 3.99 euros.
    The EUA contract dropped below a 6.85 euro support level earlier on Monday which prompted selling, he added…
    Most of the demand for CERs comes from the EU ETS, the world’s biggest carbon market, which itself is oversupplied by over 1 billion carbon permits. Many analysts expect the EU scheme to be oversupplied at least through 2020.
    http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/07/30/carbon-market-idUSL6E8IU8Q820120730


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    DavidA

    Today The Age published a redacted version of Muller’s NYTs Op Ed. It sat here,

    http://www.theage.com.au/opinion/society-and-culture/how-i-saw-past-the-hot-air-on-climate-20120730-239zl.html#comments

    and was allowing comments which were quite active.

    Now I’m getting a dead link Page Not Found error. Can’t find it via the front page or http://www.theage.com.au/opinion.

    What’s up?


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    pat

    good one, jo:

    31 July: SMH: Ben Cubby: Climate sceptics unmoved by scientist’s about-face
    AUSTRALIA’S climate change sceptics remain defiant following the self-described ”conversion” of the prominent sceptic scientist Richard Muller, who had led a vast international research effort to debunk global warming science…
    ”I’m not convinced that [Professor Muller] was ever a sceptic although, of people I respect, there is a couple who do have a decent opinion of him,” said blogger Jo Nova in Perth, the author of The Skeptic’s Handbook.
    Ms Nova said she did not expect climate change sceptics to change their minds because there were still potential flaws in Professor Muller’s work…
    http://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/climate-sceptics-unmoved-by-scientists-aboutface-20120730-23a6s.html


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      Brendan

      That article by Cubby is Year 9 English fail. A quick google search would show that Muller was no sceptic. Another search would find thats its not peer reviewed and one of the reviewers, Ross McKitrick, has even outed the process, so discusted was he with Muller’s shenaningans.

      And yet another search would find the voices of dissent coming from even the most strident CAGW alarmists such as Mann and Appel.

      And yet he sees no irony in his paper then putting up a survey on whether peoples belief about climate change is based on evidence! Would seem that Ben answered “No”


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    Alexander K

    No mention of Watts et all’s new paper in the NZ MSM, but Radio NZ is genuflucting to Muller without even a trivial attempt at balance.
    It seems Muller’s daughter, as well as Muller himself, have been lass than forthright about whether or not their stuff has made it through peer review – Ross McKittrick says not!


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    SNAFU

    Any one seen this yet? (Muller BEST paper)

    http://www.rossmckitrick.com/

    Including his update; [Update July 30: JGR told me "This paper was rejected and the editor recommended that the author resubmit it as a new paper."]


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      R. Gates

      Wow, made it to Fox? Maybe eventually it might get to a real news network?


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        crakar24

        Now you are just being an [snip] Gates and if that is the way you want to play well then OK lets play.

        What network would consider to be a real one? Oh how silly of me you have already cut and run and will never respond why do i waste my time with pathetic losers?????????????????


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    @JoNova:

    It’s a bit of a mix of GHCN and USHCN analysis, but I did it here:

    http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2009/12/08/ncdc-ghcn-airports-by-year-by-latitude/

    with some earlier work linked in it as well.

    At that time I was still looking mostly at what GIStemp did, so looked at the data after it had combined GHCN and USHCN. That makes the USA report a bit “light” at about 1/3 airports. The GHCN along was something like 91% of USA GHCN stations were airports.

    I break out the percentage by some regions, like New Zealand at 84% and Austrlia at 71% Airports.

    Down near the bottom of the posting is a ’41% IN 2009′ that I think was just GHCN (global) It’s a long posting and I probably ought to redo it more cleanly and with newer GHCN only data…

    An earlier shorter form is here:

    http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2009/08/26/agw-gistemp-measure-jet-age-airport-growth/

    (with that 2009 item at the bottom)

    At one point I did such a GHCN only and IIRC it was about 60 something percent globally.

    Side Bar: The places with most “global warming” are also the ones with the highest airport percentage… So South America and Africa not so much, Europe and North America a whole lot…

    This posting:
    http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2009/12/15/of-jet-exhaust-and-airport-thermometers-feed-the-heat/

    finds a very nice match between ‘global warming’ and kerosene burned at airports…

    And for a simple way to compare an airport to the surroundings (that finds a nice decline in temps with distance from the airport) using published data at Wunderground:

    http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2012/07/27/more-airports-hotter-than-nearby-stations/

    Jo, if you need any specific analysis done (like current count on the present v3 GHCN only) drop a note at my place and I’ll whip up a report for you.

    E.M.Smith


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      KeithH

      Nice to see you’re still keeping your finger on the pulse E.M., just as I thought you would as per my comment @ 9.4. Hope things are warmer in California than it’s been in Tasmania these last few days! Jo. If you take up Chiefio’s kind offer I’m sure it will be what you need and I’d bet it will be as correct as humanly possible.


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      Michael, thanks! Excellent. I’ll follow this up. Cheers, Jo


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    Bulldust

    Everyone rejoice! apparently renewables will be cheaper than all other electricity generation technologies in the not-so-distant future (use Google search method to get to story if paywalled to you):

    http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/wind-solar-to-eclipse-coal-fired-electricity-energy-report-shows/story-e6frg8zx-1226439529387

    You can get the glorious report here:

    http://www.bree.gov.au/documents/publications/Australian_Energy_Technology_Assessment.pdf

    Needless to say, there are a lot of assumptions and they use the Government’s predictions of CO2 prices from the highly accurate Treasury modelling to establish relative competitiveness. I don’t have the time or inclination to examine the report in detail and explain exactly why I think it is ridiculous that the Government employed “experts” can predict the relative costs of technologies that don’t yet exist … but hey, that’s why they are the experts I guess…


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    val majkus

    Bulldust saw that and made this comment at Catallaxy:
    Another day another report trying to sell the carbon (is it a price is it a tax?) whatever
    http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/wind-solar-to-eclipse-coal-fired-electricity-energy-report-shows/story-e6frg8zx-1226439529387

    WIND and solar photovoltaic will be cheaper than coal-fired electricity generation within 10 years as technology costs fall and the carbon price makes fossil fuel-based generation more expensive.

    A significant new report into technology costs, the Australian Energy Technology Assessment, released today from the Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics, estimates that solar photovoltaic and onshore wind could produce some of the lowest electricity generation costs in Australia by 2030, based on current policy settings.

    I’ve sent it to my favourite renewable experts and one of them replied

    Oh yea! More crap.

    I wonder what “based on current policy settings” means I guess it means if we maintain current level of subsidies, regulations, feed in tariffs, must take requirements, etc.

    Even Black Caviar would lose if you placed all that weight on her

    and why are all the solar firms going bankrupt?

    Solar’s deathly spiral and the $650 million Suntech fraud
    • Updated 1:02 PM, 31 Jul 2012
    ‘Solar company enters liquidation’ is already a familiar headline and one we should get used to seeing quite regularly over the next few years. A shakeout of epic proportions is underway in the sector and it has led to rapid stock price declines and a minor trade war that could escalate quickly in coming months.
    The shakeout is far from over despite annual industry growth rates of 42 per cent, with selling prices remaining below cost for many manufacturers and prices only likely to fall further.
    To pinpoint the cause is not difficult. Subsidies for solar, particularly in Europe, led to rapid production growth through the lure of decent profits. It encouraged plenty of new competitors to try their hand in the sector and as the new entrants gathered, particularly in China, prices began to fall rapidly – 75 per cent since 2008 and 45 per cent last year alone.
    With prices falling so swiftly on the back of innovation and an oversupply, solar manufacturers in developed economies have been caught short. Most simply can’t reduce prices as quickly as the likes of manufacturers in China due to considerably higher labour costs. That being said, even the Chinese firms are struggling.


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      For the life of me, I can’t figure out one thing.

      They keep saying that both wind and (any version of) solar will be competitive with coal fired power.

      Forget that wind and solar are 7 to 10 times more expensive than coal fired power.

      Forget that wind and solar only deliver power for a third to half the time at best.

      How in the blue blazes does 50MW compare with 2000MW.

      Tony.


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        Jaymez

        In the same way Australian swimmers are competitive at the Olympics this year!


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        gai

        You regulate the HECK out of them like the US EPA just did so the costs of production sky rockets. Once Coal cost ten to twenty times what it does now and more over it is impossible to comply with the regulations then we are back to the early 1800′s (If we are lucky) Meanwhile China, India, Russia… have all their nice World Bank loans for building their lightly regulated plants. SEE: http://www.peakprosperity.com/blog/78984/coal-ignored-juggernaut.

        Seems the City of London is finally getting their own back for the American Revolution. Remember before the revolution the USA was not allowed manufacturing. It took 250 years but they are now enforcing that edict.

        How the heck people are willing to go along with their own wholesale destruction completely mystifies me.


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    You're kidding right

    Jo, Is there a reason why you don’t spell Professor Muller’s name correctly? Maybe you don’t want people to do their own reading of his study where he states that when they did the numbers using only rural based weather stations (no concrete, airports, airconditioners) there was no difference to the figures stated. I guess it’s much easier to be uninformed and biased than to believe empirical science when you don’t like the results of it.
    Get a real job.

    ——————————————–
    I have only found one misspelling of Muller’s name in the many times it was mentioned in the last couple of postings, (now fixed). Rather than make wild accusations, if you find spelling errors it would be helpful if you would point them out as we are only interested in the truth at this site.

    Clearly you have missed the point of the Watts et al paper. The temperature station classification system used by Muller is inaccurate and out of date thus invalidating his conclusions. – Mod


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    Juliar

    Jo has got a mention in The Age today.

    Take a read:
    http://www.theage.com.au/world/climate-change-sceptics-unwarmed-by-scientists-reassessment-of-cold-facts-20120730-23agk.html

    The comments are quite anti-sceptic but that is alright.


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    Louis Hissink

    Interesting issue is whether it is possible to manufacture solar cells using a solar cell powered plant as the energy source.

    I don’t have the time to Google all this, but some here might search for how solar cells are manufactured. If they required molten glass etc, then, ahem, that requires a large volume of energy in a very focussed form. Gas? Coal? Nuclear? Could wind, solar and tidal generate enough energy to rotate a large generating plant to melt the silicon to form the cells?

    More to the point, is this how solar cells are manufactured?


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      Yes, some are manufactured in Northern China, mostly using electricity produced from coal fired generation stations, and far away from the prying eyes of most Westerners. You can see the plants on Google earth, if you know what you are looking for.


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    KeithH

    After listening to the vomit-inducing report on Muller’s alleged conversion on ABC “The World Today” Program 30/7/12 I fired off the following email on their site.

    “The World Today ABC

    Subject.
    New findings add to certainty on climate change, while one sceptic has a turnaround

    Why is it ABC journos never seem to do background research on these stories, but simply drag in their usual tame grants-gravy-train recipients like CAGW alarmist David Karoly and simply accept what they say? Muller has never been a sceptic of the CAGW myth! Google http://www.populartechnology.net/2012/06/truth-about-richard-muller.html and http://www.climatedepot.com/ to see how Muller’s latest utterings are being rubbished by warmist believers and CAGW sceptics alike!”

    Might not help but won’t hurt and sure made me feel a whole lot better!!


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    val majkus

    yep, Tony, you’ve got to check everything this Govt says three times


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    Well, as someone that would welcome a warming world…this is a bummer!

    There goes the Greenland wine industry idea.


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    val majkus

    nice article on the paper
    http://www.breitbart.com/Big-Government/2012/07/30/New-Study-Crushes-Global-Warming-Data-Claims
    features interviews with Anthony and Dr Christie


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    Watts et al draft paper has certainly shaken things up, and now seems to be moving towards a second draft. A number of things to be addressed, but I picked up on the mention of TOBS (Time of Observation Bias). Having followed the excellent and disturbing demolition of the ACORN series, is something similar to the Watts analysis planned for the ACORN series? Any evidence of TOBS, mis-classification of sites with BoM? I somehow doubt that the revelations from the US are unique, or the BoM “adjustments” are original.


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    KR

    Watts compared raw data with adjusted data – adjustments including equipment change (current electronic thermometers and their enclosures read a bit cooler than the old Stevenson screens), time-of-observation bias (TOBS – many rural stations have shifted to early morning readings, another cool bias), and placement changes for various stations (varies by station, but generally cooler as stations tend not to get moved to _worse_ locations).

    TOBS issues have been discussed in the literature since at least 1854. This is the likely cause of the rural/urban differences they found, as urban stations have historically had many fewer changes in observation time according to the site logs. Accounting for those changes is a necessary step prior to making any kind of judgement about UHI effects.

    [I find it quite curious that one of the outstanding discussions of TOBS effects, Karl et al 1986, is listed in Watts bibliography - but was apparently not read...]

    Failure to take into account known changes in reading offsets is (IMO) a critical fail for the Watts paper. Apples and oranges – Watts is making the wrong comparisons.

    There are multiple other issues, such as land anomaly value scaling versus satellite temperatures, as discussed here.

    I do not expect the paper to get past any kind of peer review or be published in anything like its current form – far too many problems.


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      KinkyKeith

      KR

      The whole point of the temperature measuring exercise is this.

      To get a true and accurate set of data for the World’s Temperature.

      That’s vague isn’t it.

      More specifically warmers are concerned about the Atmospheric Temperature on a Global Average, however that might be calculated.

      The worlds UHI affected zones when combined take up a very small land space so it is not unreasonable as a first estimate of “average world air temperatures: to Exclude all temperatures in know UHI locations.

      Much of the thermal production of UHIs goes straight up by convection and ultimately to deep space via radiation transfer.

      The only valid measure of world atmospheric temperature is when you have a continuum of data FROM THE SAME METHOD OR SYSTEM.

      Warmers have caused untold havoc by integrating records from the past with current data eg temp, CO2 levels.

      Even satellite temperatures are only accurate as a result of a “standardisation” process by comparing with a known land measurement and could be in error in absolute terms.

      They will however give reliable relative values ( if they haven’t been homogenised) and they show currently NO WARMING.

      Watts is showing that the UHI has been inclded in the previous records when claims were made that it was removed?

      Is that right?

      KK


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      BobC

      KR
      August 2, 2012 at 5:50 am · Reply

      Accounting for those changes is a necessary step prior to making any kind of judgement about UHI effects.

      So, we have to ‘adjust’ the data first, then see if there is any UHI.

      Why don’t we just, you know, Look for UHI? (Then try to remove it from the data.)

      It’s not like it’s hard to find.


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    KR

    KinkyKeith

    “Watts is showing that the UHI has been inclded in the previous records when claims were made that it was removed?

    Is that right?”

    No, it is not. Watts compared raw data to data corrected for known issues, such as site changes, time-of-observation bias (different between urban and rural areas, as known from observation records and seen in the data), and equipment changes. He also applied an unsupported down-scaling factor from satellite data (he used 1.4, it should be closer to 0.95-1.1).

    Only after you have corrected for these rather significant known factors can you look for UHI. Once you do, UHI has no significant effect.

    BEST used a completely different technique (kridging, breaking station equipment and monitoring changes into different records rather than attempting to correct them, testing statistically independent subsets) based upon known correlation of temperature anomalies – and they found no significant UHI effect.

    Checking just rural stations raw data shows that UHI has no significant effect.

    And in fact, UHI represents a fairly tiny portion of the globe – sea surface temperatures and satellite temperatures agree that UHI has no significant effect.

    To be blunt, Urban Heat Islands as a distortion of global temperatures are a dead, dead horse, and it’s very sad to see people continuing to beat it. Watts paper will likely need a complete rewrite, and I don’t think his conclusion of a 100% error in trend will survive a real look at the data.


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      BobC

      KR
      August 2, 2012 at 9:42 am · Reply

      BEST used a completely different technique … based upon known correlation of temperature anomalies – and they found no significant UHI effect.

      Well, the main reason BEST “found no significant UHI effect” is that their New Mathematical Framework for analyzing temperature records doesn’t allow any change in a record to be identified as UHI.

      Look at equations 1 and 2 (page 7 on the Berkeley Earth Temperature Averaging Process documentation). BEST only acknowledges three components to any temperature record: The location effect, the weather effect, and the global temperature component. Of these three, only the global temperature component is allowed to move, on average — the other two are defined to be stationary; that is, they average to zero over sufficient space and time.

      Urban areas grow over long periods of time (decades) — hence their effects also grow over decadal periods. The reason BEST “finds no significant UHI effect” is that they have, from the very start, defined it to be Global Warming.

      The whole BEST project is mathematically bogus, and nothing but planned propaganda.

      To be blunt, Urban Heat Islands as a distortion of global temperatures are a dead, dead horse, and it’s very sad to see people continuing to beat it.

      UHIs may have a trivial effect on the actual Global Temperature Average, but they have a major effect on the locations where many thermometers used to try to measure Global Temperature are sited. It is an unavoidable conclusion that, therefore, many of those thermometer records are corrupted by UHI effects.

      The dead horse, I think, is the faked models the CAGW crowd has been trying to ride.


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    KinkyKeith

    KR Says:

    “To be blunt, Urban Heat Islands as a distortion of global temperatures are a dead, dead horse, and it’s very sad to see people continuing to beat it.”

    KR if you read what I have said it would be a in complete agreement with your statement.

    Effectively what I said was that UHI is not really all that relevant (at first glance) to the FINAL MEASURED ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE.

    What may also be inferred or read from my earlier post was that Warmers have used UHI located temperature recordings as normal locations and

    thereby increased the actual values above what they should have been.

    I think this is the point of AWs paper.

    If it isn’t then we are all a bit confused.

    Dirty deeds have been done and no amount of verbiage will cover that over.

    You also make another comment that “Checking just rural stations raw data shows that UHI has no significant effect.”

    Well I suspected that there would be no effect on the WORLD temp, but you can’t use the readings taken in a UHI affected location and pretend they are truly representative of the whole Earth — even if they are Homogenised and Pasteurised.

    KK


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    KR

    KinkyKeith - Everyone who has actually looked at the data (without making major mistakes such as Watts in his current draft) has found that any UHI influence is at most an order of magnitude smaller in influence than observed trends. And the influence could be as well negative as positive in influence (both are within the bounds) – it’s really really small.

    “…and thereby increased the actual values above what they should have been.”

    That’s just not what’s in the data.

    If you disagree, then prove it. It’s really not hard to test. Here you can find a 65 line Python script that lets you look at GHCN values, raw, adjusted, and rural. Caerbannog and Zeke Hausfather have done the same analysis.

    And none of them find UHI distorting the temperature record. It’s just not an issue… and claims to the contrary, without evidence, are just not credible.


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      … without making major mistakes such as Watts in his current draft …

      That is hardly a scientific statement is it?

      Watts has noted a discrepancy (a much more scientific phrase).

      The discrepancy between observations and the adjusted data may be in his analysis, or the discrepancy between observations and the adjusted data, may have always been there and nobody happened to notice it before. (That would not be the first time that has happened in science).

      Or the discrepancy between observations and the adjusted data may have always have been there and everybody chose to ignore it because the erroneous data happened to better match their hypothesis in favour of warming. (And unfortunately, that has also happened in science more times than it should.)

      Or the discrepancy between observations and the adjusted data may have deliberately introduced to better match their hypothesis in favour of warming. (And unfortunately, that has to be interpreted as fraud.)

      But all we can say, at this point in time, is that there is a discrepancy.

      But I note, in passing, that the analysis in the Watts paper produces results that are much closer to those observed in the satellite record, than those produced from the current models. Isn’t that interesting?

      Perhaps if Watts has made a “major mistake”, the satellites have as well?


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        KR

        Rereke Whakaaro – There are indeed major issues with Watts draft paper, to the extent that contributors to the paper are now expressing doubts.

        On the various adjustments – first and foremost, changes such as site location, equipment (thermometer updates, enclosures), and shifts in time of observation have known affects on site data. Rural US stations, for example, have undergone a significant shift over the century towards early morning readings, biasing those temperatures low, while urban stations (easier to read, for one thing) have not. That accounts for ~50% of his “doubling”. Not correcting for known biases will lead to incorrect conclusions.

        As an interesting note to this, the BEST temperature reconstruction doesn’t use metadata corrections – just examining statistical subsets of the station data for breaks, for sudden shifts in single station temperature anomalies. They split those records at that point, treating them as separate stations. With this completely different technique they come out with the same results as the metadata corrected USHCN temperature anomalies. That consilience between techniques is a strong support for the results.

        The comparison between the satellite data and ground temperatures is a very interesting aspect of the Watts paper – he claims a scaling of ~1.4 between land surface and satellite data (near the upper end of the global value, including oceans), whereas the current estimate is somewhere betwen 0.95-1.1; and there’s much of the rest of his “doubling” – not to mention that while satellite data is a very useful comparison, it is not a gold standard, and there are credible indications that they might be biased low.

        Those aren’t a complete list – but just those two issues bring Watt’s entire conclusion into doubt.

        As to conspiracy theories, well, let’s just say I rank those up with the leprechaun influence…


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          Rereke Whakaaro

          not to mention that while satellite data is a very useful comparison, it is not a gold standard, and there are credible indications that they might be biased low.

          I am interested in why you would say “It is not a gold standard”. When I worked for NASA, they were very careful to ensure that all equipment was calibrated, to very tight tolerances, before deployment. There is not much point in sending something up in a bird if it is not going to work to a very tight and known tolerances.

          Also, you say, “there are credible indications that they might be biased low”. Biased low compared to what, exactly? What is the standard used for the comparison, and what is the acceptable tolerance range? And why should they (all) be biased in one direction?


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            Rereke Whakaaro

            The sound of crickets …. and frogs


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            KR

            Rereke Whakaaro“Biased low compared to what, exactly?”

            Biased in terms of both absolute value and/or trends. Calibration of satellite data, indirectly determining temperatures at different layers of a mostly transparent atmosphere using microwave emissions, is not easy. See the Remote Sensing Systems tech reports for some examples.

            You might find “Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere – Understanding and Reconciling Differences” (2006) interesting (Dr. John Christy of the UAH temperature record is a lead author):

            These results could arise either because (1) “real world”
            amplification effects on short and long time scales
            are controlled by different physical mechanisms, and
            models fail to capture such behavior; or because
            (2) non-climatic influences remaining in some or all of
            the observed tropospheric data sets lead to biased
            long-term trends; or (3) a combination of these factors.
            The new evidence in this Report favors the second
            explanation
            .

            (numbering/emphasis added for clarity)


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            KR

            Rereke Whakaaro“The sound of crickets …. and frogs”

            I’m afraid you will have to enjoy the sounds of nature for a while – I will be out of range of modern technology for the next week or so. Silence is not agreement, and instant responses on blogs are not my top priority…


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            KR

            Rereke Whakaaro – One additional bit on satellite data quality: see the set of trend adjustments made to UAH data.

            Satellite data is quite useful if you take into consideration the uncertainties of both measurement and calibration. But it cannot be considered an absolute “gold standard” of accuracy.


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      KinkyKeith

      Absolutely no capacity shown to do even a basic preliminary assessment of a situation.

      Don’t have to be very smart and even a Professor from The University of Skeptical Science should have seen this coming.

      Quoting KR.

      “Everyone who has actually looked at the data (without making major mistakes such as Watts in his current draft) has found that any UHI influence is at most an order of magnitude smaller in influence than observed trends. And the influence could be as well negative as positive in influence (both are within the bounds) – it’s really really small. ‘

      So its really really small.

      When all the moo cows and sheep are asleep the humans are at it with their nocturnal TV habits and cooking and so on.

      In winter there is an electric heater (electric is the best because it gives off the most CO2 for plants)and in summer Algore runs a huge air con unit that he has camouflaged and made up to look like a pine grove next to his house.

      Well wadda y know every house will be pumping out about one kilowatt of energy for at least several hours after dark.

      On an average home this would be 10 watt/square metre. Where I live there are 155,000 homes plus Al knows how many cars.

      And the Visiting professor from the SSU tells us there is a teeny teeny UHI effect.

      Oh Yeah!

      KK :)


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      BobC

      KR
      August 2, 2012 at 11:39 am · Reply

      “…and thereby increased the actual values above what they should have been.”

      That’s just not what’s in the data.

      If you disagree, then prove it. It’s really not hard to test.

      True. Here are several examples for you: Here is a particularly egregious one: And what in the world do you think this represents if not “increasing the temperature values” after the fact?


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    KinkyKeith

    KR wants us to use Skeptical Science as our source for all things on Man made Global Warming theory.

    KK Ha ha Ha

    :)


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      Matt Bennett

      It’d be a damn good place for you to start KK, that’s if you could understand what they were talking about…

      KR’s gentle suggestion that you should look into those errors is worth heeding, just as Skeptical Science’s gentle critique and useful suggestions for further review would be highly worth heeding by Watt’s et al…. But will they (you?)? Probably not.


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        Jaymez

        Matt, if Skeptical Science had been honest or done their research they may have revealed to readers that the BEST paper had been rejected for Peer Review publication by the Journal of Geophysical Research which is why Muller decided to release the paper publicly without it being peer reviewed. Ross McKitrick’s explanation of why he has now decided to breach the confidentiality of the peer review process as a reviewer of the BEST paper, and his reviews of the BEST papers can be seen at his blog site here: http://www.rossmckitrick.com/

        However I wouldn’t use Skeptical Science as a source for any decent scientific critique of a climate science paper when they were all too ready to accept Muller’s BEST paper and his claims of having once been a skeptic hook line and sinker here: http://www.skepticalscience.com/news.php?n=1559


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    KR

    KinkyKeith - I look forward to seeing your temperature reconstruction comparing rural, urban, and global temperatures with raw and/or adjusted data, from any of the various sources (here are some links to those sources).

    It’s not hard – Nick Stokes, Zeke Hausfather, Chad Herman, Caerbannog, Steve Mosher, and many others (all bloggers, just search their name and “temperature reconstruction”) have all managed to do this simple bit of analysis. And they have all found that the global temperature record is solid, that UHI isn’t an issue, etc.

    Again – claims of UHI distortions or erroneous temperature records without evidence are just not credible. You have provided, well, none.


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      Rereke Whakaaro

      Hey KR

      As you appear to be asking for an independent verification of the temperature reconstruction, I would be happy to help.

      I have access to some pretty big computers where I work, and I am sure that the boss will let me come in and have a play over the next few weekends.

      But I will need to have a copy of the code for the models, and the full raw data sets, and all parameter files, and documentation to get me started.

      If you contact Jo, I am sure she will give you an address you can courier the disk to.

      This might be fun, I used to be a modeller, so it will be just like old times. I am getting excited already.


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        KR

        Rereke Whakaaro - The links and names I provided include various code examples (Python and R, for example), as well as fairly detailed instructions on fetching the data and the area-weighting techniques used. In addition I gave a link to a collection of the raw and adjusted data sets, which you can download directly.

        By all means, have at it.


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          KinkyKeith

          With all due respect that wasn’t what you were asked for.

          KK :)


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            KR

            KinkyKeith – With all due respect, I’m not going to do other folks work for them. The data has been examined by many people, all of whom have found consistent results; that work has already been done.

            If you (or Rereke) disagree, it’s up to you to prove your claim. I’ve pointed to data, to code – if you feel the analysis is somehow lacking, then you need to do the analysis work, and support your conclusions, yourself.

            If you feel the analysis is incorrect, well then – I shouldn’t have anything to do with that end of your work, as I consider the current analyses quite reasonable…


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          Rereke Whakaaro

          Well, data is not much good without the file structures, and the encoding scheme, it is just bits. And code examples (i,e, samples) are useless without the infrastructure that supports them.

          I gave you a list of what I would need to have in order to take up your offer. I do not expect you to do the work for me – what would be the point, it would spoil the fun for me. But at least following on from the previous discussion I thought you were serious.


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            KR

            Rereke Whakaaro – Data formats are documented by the various sources. Code available at those links include examples in Python and R (both free computation environments). Multiple bloggers have taken the time (a few days at most) to generate their own plots, and they include the code.

            See the list on The Blackboard, for example.

            If, however, you demand I hand-hold through this exercise, I would consider that simply a rhetorical tactic rather than genuine interest. You need to do your own work – I’m quite happy with the methods already applied, and should have nothing to do with your analysis.


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    Matt Bennett

    Hey Jo,

    What errors do you find in the critique by real skeptics? (alluded to above)

    Do you now retract your unbridled but misplaced enthusiasm for Watts’ hotch potch of irrelevancy? I’m intrigued….


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      KinkyKeith

      He wants to know:

      “What errors do you find in the critique by real skeptics? (alluded to above)”

      The answer.

      If you had some decent science qualification or better still a Chemical Engineering Degree,

      or better still a Metallurgy Degree you might just have a hope of understanding.

      Without reasonable skills in analysis you are going to be led around by the nose for the rest of your life.

      Sad.

      KK :)


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        Matt Bennett

        Thanks KK,

        Indeed, I am in possession of your suggested science degree – so what? You don’t need one to dissect this embarrassing rush job.

        Have you read the SS critique yet? What are your thoughts on the problems with using non- homogenized data for the comparisons and not controlling for siting changes, instrument changes and other methodological inconsistencies? Do you think they might affect the validity of the results?

        Notice Jo has ignored that question too as she was lost in hero worship…

        And what about the fact that only a tiny percentage of earth’s total energy budget is represented by the US land mass? Oceanic thermal imbalance of any import? Your thoughts….


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    KinkyKeith

    Two visiting Professors from Skeptical Science

    want us to hand our minds over to them for reprocessing.

    Do KR and Matt Bennett have “form” here?

    They are typical “true believers” wanting references and sources but cant explain the “content” themselves _ a higher being is needed for

    that — perhaps a “peer”?

    KK

    [Yes, we know KR - he comments by shouting loud, but without facts. I have not noticed Matt Bennett before, perhaps he is KR's minder. They are doing a lot of arm waving, and throwing ad homs around but without any substance. This is not the forum to demonstrate whether Watts is right or wrong. They are simply making noise to try to capture the "popular vote" on this site, and clog the thread. In my view they are being spectacular failures at both. I wouldn't waste time on them. -Fly]


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      KinkyKeith

      Thanks Fly

      otw?


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      KR

      [Fly]

      “…we know KR – he comments by shouting loud, but without facts. … They are doing a lot of arm waving, and throwing ad homs around but without any substance.”

      That, Fly, is inaccurate to the point of amusing. I do my best to link to data, methods, and research papers whenever possible, to an extent I do not often see on this forum (the “facts” as we know them), and have not engaged in Ad Hominem arguments (please, feel free to point them out if you feel that I have).

      [Incidentally, I have no idea who Matt Bennett is...]

      “This is not the forum to demonstrate whether Watts is right or wrong.”

      It certainly seems to be a thread celebrating Watts paper – with the underlying assumption that he is correct. If this is not the case (and I’ll note that contributors Steve McIntyre and Dr. Pielke Sr. are now expressing doubts about that draft paper), then whether the paper is right or wrong is an entirely appropriate topic.

      The Watts draft paper has serious problems, as even a cursory Google search will reveal – and, Fly, if you do not like those facts, that substance, I’m just going to have to disagree with you.

      [If you had read those two references, as I have, you would not have said that they expressed doubts about the draft paper, other than about the process followed, which is admittedly unusual. Do not try my patience, I have a short fuse - Fly]


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        KR

        [Fly]“If you had read those two references, as I have, you would not have said that they expressed doubts about the draft paper, other than about the process followed”

        My apologies on an incorrect Pielke link earlier – he discusses the time-of-observation issue here: “Until this issue is resolved, the Game Changer aspect of the Watts et al 2012 study is tenative.” The link I presented earlier is where Dr. Pielke expresses his distance from and lack of involvement with the paper.

        Given that both McIntyre and Dr. Pielke have raised concerns about Watts ignoring time of observation biases (an issue known since at least 1854), and that proper handling of the TOBS invalidates Watts primary claim:

        These factors, combined with station siting issues, have led to a spurious doubling of U.S. 64 mean temperature trends in the 30 year data period covered by the study from 1979 – 2008.

        (emphasis added)

        …I would have to say that their concerns are both significant and relate to the core of the paper.

        You are, of course, free to disagree.


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        MattB

        [Do not try my patience, I have a short fuse - Fly]

        quality of mods slipping?

        [In proportion to quality of troll posts no doubt] ED


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    [...] history we are getting evermore examples of data manipulation, whether on US temperatures (A Watts), Australian Temperatures (See Jo Nova), or the GISSTEMP global surface temperatures (Steven [...]


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    PhilJourdan

    Off TOpic: Do not know if any have heard the story. It appears “an” Adam Smith just got fired here in the States.

    I wonder if there is a relation to the Adam Smith here?

    [Adam Smith is free to comment, as long as he abides by Jo's rules -Fly]


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    Rereke Whakaaro

    It is a common name, Phil. I have heard a rumour that Adam and Eve’s surname was Smith :-)


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    Chris

    Watts debunked yet again … He got it wrong and didn’t even read the original paper correctly it seems .. Was that on purpose or is it that he doesn’t know what he is talking about …

    http://www.skepticalscience.com/watts_new_paper_critique.html

    Still Warming and yes no cooling


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    [...] the options at wood-for-trees. Major defects ranging from statistical methodology to ignoring or not allowing for UHIE have been levied against Muller. So what does his latest paper do? It purports to show there is NO [...]


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